Albania is a country in East Europe, whose official name is the Republic of Albania. Today's land has become part of the Roman provinces of Dalmatia, Macedonia, and Moesia Superior at various points in history. The modern republic emerged after the collapse of the Ottoman Empire in Europe after the Balkan Wars. The country became independent in 1912.
Albania has an area of 28,748 square kilometers. The coastal length of Albania is 611 km and extends along the Adriatic and Ionian seas. The western front of the Adriatic Sea is forming plains.
70% of the country is mountainous and has a rugged land. It is generally inaccessible from the outside. The highest mountain is Mount Korab at a height of 2764 meters and it is located in Debre District. The most important rivers are Drina and Semen. These rivers emerge from the territory of Yugoslavia and are poured from Albania to the Adriatic Sea.
Established under a renewed constitution in 1998, the legislature is governed by a parliamentary republic based on the separation of executive and judicial powers. The Constitution constitutes the highest law of the Republic of Albania. In the country, the President is the head of the state. In Albania, the first level administrative departments are counties.
Despite being a small country, Albania has different climatic zones due to the diversity of its land structure. There are three main climatic types: first; The winters in the southern part are warm and rainy, and the summers are hot and arid Mediterranean climate. Latter; it is the humid climate in the north and the interior. The third is; northeastern part of the Alpine climate, the summers are rainy and warm, and the winters are hard and dry.
58.79% of the country is composed of Muslims, 17% are Christians and 2% are atheists. In the country, the Orthodox sect is more dominant than Catholicism. The Orthodox sect is over 500, while the Catholic population is around 300,000.
Industry and Tourism
The growth of the economy depends on the aid of international monetary institutions and the construction works sent by Albanians living in foreign countries. A third of the population is still working and supporting in agriculture, providing a quarter of the gross national income. No progress has been made in tourism. The National Museum of History (Muzeu Historik Kombetar), one of the country's greatest museums, is one of the places worth seeing.
Albanian art is an important part of Albanian culture. With its long and eventful past, art is important evidence of Albanian identity and history. Albania, a Southeast European country, has a unique culture from other European countries. Moreover, the Albanian art was preserved in its original elements and enriched with Ottoman, Venetian, and other Western elements.
After Albanian independence in 1912, Albanian art lived a patriotic renaissance. The historical art of portrayal has reached the peak of popularity. Likewise, the cultural isolation of the country, which has continued from Western Europe, has led artists to focus more on national issues. Furthermore, the sculptures of national icons were popular throughout the country.
In the country sports especially football has gained more intensity. The football is managed by the Albanian Football Federation, which was established in 1930. Federation, UEFA and FIFA member.
Population Density: 107 per Km2
Land Area: 27,400 Km ²