Algeria, the largest country in the African Continent, also stands out as one of the world's largest reserves of oil. It is surrounded by the Mediterranean Sea in the north, Tunisia in the northeast, Libya in the east, Niger and Mali in the south, Mauritania in the southwest, and Morocco in the west.
It is a country on the coast of the Mediterranean. Between Tunisia and Morocco, the Mediterranean climate in the north, and the desert climate in the south is a seaside country on the shores of the Mediterranean. Algeria is the largest country of the Mediterranean and African continent with an area of 2,381,741 square kilometers. In the southern part, the Sahara contains a considerable part of the desert into the territory. The coasts of Algeria are usually very close to the mountains, and the number of natural harbors is low.
The President is the head of the Council of Ministers and the High-Security Council. The president also appoints ministers and prime minister. The legislature has been formed with the dual-parliamentary system since 1996: the "Council of Nations" and the "National People's Assembly". The Chairman of the Council of Nations, which consists of 144 members, is acting as deputy to the President. "In the National People's Assembly, there are 462 deputies from 48 electoral districts.
Mediterranean climate is dominant in the northern region of the country, desert climate dominates in the south. In coastal settlements, the winter average temperature increases from 8 to 15 degrees Celsius to 25 degrees Celsius in May, reaching an average of 28 to 30 degrees Celsius in July-August.
The most important element of Algerian culture is Islamic civilization. Muslim origins make up more than 99% of the country's population. The proportion of Christians is 0.1%. Of the Jews who found 160,000 in 1960, only 200 remained. The Algerian Constitution recognizes the freedom of religion for all citizens. Imams, priests, and rabbis depend on the Ministry of Religious Affairs and are state officials. It is subject to state permission to preach or to engage in religious activities.
Industry and Tourism
The gross national product per capita in 2002 was around 1,748 dollars, but today it is around 9 thousand dollars. The gap between the rich and the poor grew in the last 10 years in Algeria, which has rich oil and natural gas reserves with great economic development. The government's policy of increasing the number of employees in the public sector and its high growth rates have led to a gradual decline in unemployment in recent years. According to data from the Algerian Statistical Institute, the unemployment rate has been declining since the year 2000.
There are also beautiful historical places to visit in the country like Notre Dame Cathedral, Kasbah, Mosque El Cedit.
There are many art galleries and art museums in the country. It is possible to see French artifacts in these places. A lot of works are waiting for you.
The sport in the country is as old as the ancient turn. Play papers, chess, and checkers are part of the Algerian culture. Apart from these, horse racing is among the entertainment traditions of Algeria. Most people in the country are more interested in football. Football is popular in Algeria, as it is generally accepted in the world.
Population Density: 18 per Km2
Land Area: 2,381,740 Km ²