The neighbors of Angola, located in the southwest of Africa, are Namibia in the south, the Democratic Republic of Congo in the northeast and Zambia in the east. The Atlantic Ocean is located in the west of the country.
Where is Angola?
The narrow plains starting from the shore leave their places to the wide plateaus as they go to the interior. The lowest point is the Atlantic Ocean 0 m. The highest point is Morro de Moco 2,620 m. Natural resources of the country are petroleum, diamond, iron deposits, phosphate, copper, gold, bauxite, and uranium.
In Angola, the form of government is the presidential system. With the new Constitution adopted in 2010, the Office of the Prime Minister was abolished and replaced by the position of Vice President. Furthermore, the new Constitution stipulates that the term of office of the President shall be 5 years, that a candidate may be elected President for a maximum of two times, and that the chairman of the party who receives the highest number of votes in the general elections is elected by the President.
The tropical climate is dominant in Angola. The coastal and northern regions have high temperatures throughout the year. It is between 25-30 degrees during the day. There is a rainy season between November and April. During the same period, the region is under the influence of the cold Benguela Stream and dense fog is seen.
A more moderate tropical climate prevails in the high areas in the central part of the country and in the south. The differences between day and night temperatures are particularly high in winter. For example, in July, the daytime temperature in Huambo is 25 degrees, while night temperatures are 7-8 degrees. There is a rainy season between October and April. In the southeastern part of Angola, there is a very hot and dry climate. There is little rainfall in the area where the night temperatures are low.
More than 50 percent of the population is Christian. Both Catholics and Protestants exist. The majority of the Kala population believes in local religions.
The population of approximately 500 thousand people, formed by immigrants from West Africa and the Middle East, believes in the religion of Islam. In October 2013, however, the Angola government declared the Islamic faith as an illegal religion within the country and closed or demolished mosques by banning all Islamic elements.
Industry and Tourism
According to 2012 data, Angola has a gross domestic product of USD 114.2 billion and the third largest economy of the African continent after South Africa and Nigeria. However, the majority of the population still lives at the border of hunger. The effects of many years of civil war are still felt today.
Especially in recent years, thanks to the oil reserves and other underground riches, good economic development has been experienced. However, as these incomes are not delivered to the public properly, the majority of the country’s population is unemployed and some of them live below the hunger limit. According to the 2013 Human Development Index report published by the United Nations, the country is in the category of ‘little human development’ and ranked 148 out of 186 countries.
85 percent of the working population of the country’s population is in the agricultural sector. The most important agricultural product of the country is sugar cane, corn, coconut oil, potato, rice, and cocoa. Cattle and goats are grown in terms of livestock.
The most important trading partners in the country’s exports are the United States, the People’s Republic of China, France, Belgium, and Spain. Imports work with Portugal, South Africa, USA, France, and Brazil.
Like all other African countries, the wooden masks and sculptures of Angola are not only aesthetic creations. In cultural rituals, life and death play an important role, representing the transition from childhood to adulthood, the celebration of a new harvest and the marking of the hunting season. Angola artisans work in wood, bronze, ivory, malachite or ceramic environments.
Population Density: 25 per Km2
Land Area: 1,246,700 Km ²