Colors and the Meaning of the Austria Flag
The Austrian flag consists of three horizontal strips of equal size, of which the colors are red-white-red with a sequence of colors. Along with the Danish flag is considered one of the oldest flags in the world.
According to legend, the formation of the flag is as follows: The White War dress worn by the Archduke V. Leopold of Austria during the war has been completely red with blood; white on the top and mid-red makes this wardress the flag of his nation. But in fact the flag was designed by Archduke II Frederick of Austria in the 13th century.
History of the Austria Flag
The first document on red-white-red colors on the flag of Austria dates back to 1232. In 1191, Duke Leopold V. of Babenberg crossed the Battle of Acre after a crusade in the Holy Land with a sword belt. The white war suit he wore during the war was completely red with blood. After the victory, he takes of the belt that keeps his waist tight, and then he sees that the blood doesn’t get to the under the belt and remains white. He makes this war suit a flag to his people.
In 1230, Duke Friedrich II officially accepted the new red-and-white-red flag, which declared the German Nation’s desire for independence from the Holy Roman Empire. The appearance of the flag changed when the Habsburg dynasty got the throne. The eagle, which is a coat of arms, was gradually changed as a double-headed eagle. It was difficult for the Empire to produce and use this flag. For this reason, a simple black-gold flag was used to indicate the Empire.
In 1806 Napoleon ended the Empire of the German nation of the Holy Roman and forced the Habsburg Emperor Franz to abandon the imperial throne. German Confederation was formed between 1815-1816 after the Battle of Nations. German Confederation used the flag of the empire with a double-headed and red-billed eagle on a golden background. The disputes between Austria and Prussia led to the division of the Confederation of Northern Germany.
After World War II
On February 8, 1867, Austria united with Hungary and adopted a common flag. After the dissolution of the First World War and Austria-Hungary, the First Austrian Republic red-white-red flag was established on December 11, 1918. This flag was used until 13 March 1938 until the German occupation of Austria. On January 5, 1945, after the Second World War, Austria used the red-white-red flag as a national flag. At the same time, a black eagle with a red-white-black shield was used. This eagle was an eagle with a yellow beak, a yellow claw, a yellow crown and a hammer and sick in his hand.
The elements in the eagle were: The eagle symbolizes the independence of Austria, the crown middle class, the sickle farm workers, the hammer industry, and the broken chains.
Neighboring Countries of Austria
Main Characteristics of Austria
Vienna, the European capital of which the German culture is best synthesized, is the capital of Austria, with its sparkling and cultural history and fascination over its visitors. Austria, which is located in Central Europe and does not have a seashore, consists of 9 states. The official language in Austria is German. Euro is also used as currency.
In Austria, which is under the influence of the Central European transition climate showing terrestrial and ocean influences, heavy rainfall and west wind are important factors affecting the climate. The Alpine region has its own climate, and in the cooler winters there is plenty of snow.
Austrian cuisine serves delicious and satisfying meat dishes and pastries. Vienna Schnitzel is one of Austria’s traditional dishes. In Austria, especially in Vienna, restaurants are a bit expensive, and you can usually go to these restaurants in advance.
|Highest point||Großglockner (3,798 m)|
|Total area||83,858 km2|1