Located in the Caucasus, the intersection point of Western Asia and Eastern Europe, Azerbaijan has the largest surface area of the South Caucasus. It is located in the east of the Caspian Sea, Georgia in the northwest, Armenia in the west, Russia in the north and Iran in the south. The Nakhichevan Autonomous Republic, which is connected to it, borders Armenia in the north and east, and Iran in the south and west. There are 17 kilometers of border with Turkey.
The Caspian Sea which forms the eastern border, the Great Caucasus Range in the north and the wide plains in the center are the most dominant physical qualities of Azerbaijan. Caucasus and Talis Mountains cover about forty percent of the country. Bazardüzü Peak is the highest point of Azerbaijan (4,466 m) and the Caspian Sea is the lowest point (-28 m). In addition, about half of the mud volcanoes nominated for inclusion in the Seven Wonders of Nature remain within the borders of Azerbaijan.
Azerbaijan, whose capital is Baku, is divided into 59 states, called rayons, 75 cities and 9 economic divisions. 11 cities have metropolitan status. The biggest cities of the capital except Baku are Sumqayit, Mingechevir, and Ganja. Nakhichevan is an autonomous region of Azerbaijan.
A mild continental climate prevails in Azerbaijan. There is a harsh climate in high mountains and other high sections. High winters are long, cold and snowy and summers are cool. In the plains, winters are cool and mostly rainy but sometimes snowy and summers are hot and dry. The average annual temperature is above 10 degrees.
Industry and Tourism
Freestyle wrestling is the national sport of Azerbaijan. Azerbaijan won 14 medals in this branch. Today, the most common sports in Azerbaijan are chess and football.
Population Density: 121 per Km2
Land Area: 86,658 Km ²