Belarus, or the Belarussian Republic, is a former USSR country. Located in northern Europe. Its capital is Minsk. Its neighbors are Poland in the west, Lithuania in the northwest, Latvia in the north, Russian Federation in the east and Ukraine in the south.
Belarus is the closest one to the Moscow government in addition to other CIS countries. Belarus, which declared its independence after the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991, has started to adapt to the world and has finally established itself in the liberal world. Belarus is the only country in Europe that has execution.
Where is Belarus?
Belarus does not have a seashore; The lands are very flat and there are many large swamplands. According to an estimate made by the United Nations in 2005, 40 percent of Belarus is made up of forests. In Belarus, there are many streams and 11,000 lakes. Three large rivers pass through the territory of the country: Neman, Pripyat, and the Dnieper. Neman flows westward towards the Baltic Sea, Pripyat towards the Dnieper to the east and Dnieper to the Black Sea towards the south. The highest point of Belarus is the Dzyarjinkaya Hara (Dzyarjinsk Hill), which is 345 meters high, and the lowest point is the Neman River, at a height of 90 meters.
The capital and largest city of the country is Minsk. The country is divided into six regions called voblasts. Gomel is the second largest city in the country and the center of Homel Voblast. Other major cities of the country are Mogilev, Vitebsk, Grodno, and Brest.
With the disintegration of the Soviet Union, under the leadership of Stanislav Shushkevich, who signed the Minsk Treaty, Belarus, which had initially followed a lateral policy, did not make any economic progress in the first half of the 1990s, and the level of income of the population declined rapidly. Alexander Lukashenko, who came to power in 1994, first allowed the adoption of the former Soviet constitution in March 1994, adapted to the conditions of the period. In the Soviet era, the state coat of arms and flag was changed slightly and was accepted as the coat of arms of Belarus.
The gains and social protections in the Soviet period came into force again. The recovery in the 2000s has further strengthened Belarusian President Alexander Lukashenko. These developments and the country’s closer policy to Russia led the West to react. Nevertheless, the most influential political forces in the country were Aleksandr Lukashenko and the Communist Party. Indeed, in the 2016 Belarusian parliamentary elections, independent candidates Lukashenko and the Communist Party prevailed.
The country’s winters are harsh, with an average temperature in January of minus 6 degrees in Belarus, where the continental climate prevails; In summer the average degree is 18 degrees and is generally cool and humid. The average annual precipitation rate of Belarus is distributed from 550 millimeters to 700 millimeters.
According to government records, 58.9 percent of Belarusian people do not state that they belong to a religion. Among them, the majority are Orthodox with a rate of 82 percent. In addition to these, there are low rates of Catholic, Protestantism, Islam, and Judaism.
Tourism and Industry
The key sectors of the economy include: Machine production, Metallurgy, Metal processing, Agricultural machinery and tractor production, Construction materials production, Lighting and textile industries, Chemical and Petrochemical industry, Electrical machinery and electronics, Agriculture, Forestry and wood industry, IT sector, Construction, and Energy is at the forefront.
Ice hockey and football is the 2 major sports supported by the government in the country. There are also famous tennis players in the field of tennis.
Population Density: 46 per Km2
Land Area: 202,910 Km ²