Belgium / Maps, Geography, Facts

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Belgium is one of the countries in the north-western part of Europe. France, Germany, Luxembourg and the Netherlands, the country has borders by countries on an area of about 31 thousand square meters.

Belgium is known as a welfare center in terms of trade and culture in history. Its name is a mixture of Celtic and Germanic. Furthermore, the country, which is mostly known for undertaking the administration of the European Union, is attracting great interest from the Middle Ages and Renaissance works.


Belgium’s neighbors are France, Germany, Luxembourg, and the Netherlands, which have coasts on the Atlantic Ocean in the northwest. Covering an area of 33,990 square kilometers together with inland waters, the country covers an area of 30,528 square kilometers outside the inland waters. Belgium has three main geographical regions. The north-western coastal plains of the Anglo-Belgian Basin and Ardennes land which is part of the central plateau and the southeast Hercynian orogenic belt. On the southern tip of the country, the Paris Basin reaches a small fourth area named Lorraine of Belgium.


Although the Kingdom of Belgium was founded by the Constitution of 1831 with a state structure, it turned to a more federal structure with the constitutional reforms of 1970, 1980, 1988/89, 1993, 2001 and lastly in 2011. There are 6 governments in the country, each controlled by a separate legislative body.

-Federal Government
-Flemish Government
-Valonian Government
-Brussels-Capital Territory Government
-French Community Government
-German Community Government

According to the original constitutional structure of Belgium, the federal government has no authority over the federal units, the federal units have no control over the federal government. The legislation of the federal government and the legislation of the federated units are considered equal. The regional and community parliamentary powers have the power to determine both their own structures and the structure of the relevant regional and community government.


A temperate climate prevails. The average temperature in January is 3 degrees, 18 degrees in June. The winter season does not exceed extreme cold, but it is rainy.


A large majority of Belgium’s population is Christians. According to this;

Catholics: 58.1%

Ateizm: 3%

Islam: 3.6%

Protestantism: 1.1%

Orthodox: 0.6%

Buddhism: 0.3%

Judaism: 0,2%

Industry and Tourism

Belgium’s strongly globalized economy and transport infrastructure are integrated with the rest of Europe. The position of the country at the heart of the advanced industrializing region has helped the world become the 15th largest trading country in 2007. It has characterized economy, labor, high GNP and high per capita exports. The main export products of Belgium are food products, machinery, raw diamonds, petroleum and petroleum products, chemicals, clothing and accessories, and textile products while the main export products are automobiles, food products, iron and steel, processed diamonds, textile, plastic, petroleum products and non- metals.

Apart from my impression that Belgium is a small country, it amazes everyone, rich and wonderful. Medieval and Art-Nouveau style architecture and a long history attract many tourists to the country. Furthermore, the best time to travel is from May to September.

Population: 11,533,459

Population Density: 382 per Km2

Land Area: 30,280 Km ²