Benin is located in West Africa, on the shores of the North Atlantic Ocean. It is bordered by Togo from the west, Burkina Faso from the northwest, Niger from the northeast and Nigeria from the east.
Benin is divided into five natural regions. These are the coastal region, the clay region, the plateaus of Benin, the Atakora Mountains, and the Niger Plain.
Height above sea level:
Lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
Highest point: Mount Sokbaro 658 m
Natural resources: A small number of oil puddles, limestone, marble, timber away from the coast
In Benin, there was a political system based on a single-party dictatorship before 1990. The constitution adopted on 2 December 1990 passed the multi-party democratic system. The head of state and government is the same person. The head of state is given broad powers. Legislative power is in the National Assembly of 64 people. It is a member of international organizations such as Benin, UN, OIC (Organization of Islamic Conference), African Union, Economic Community of West African Countries, IMF (International Monetary Fund) and Islamic Development Bank. The Benin government launched its diplomatic relations with Israel and South Africa in 1993.
The coastal zone is dominated by the Ecuadorian climate. There are two rainy seasons in the south, one from March to June and from September to November. These include two arid seasons. The rainy season in the north continues from May to September, the other months are dry.
There is no official religion of the state. However, it is estimated that almost half of the population is composed of Muslims, 10% of Christians, and the rest of the natural religions. However, there is no precise information about the proportion of religious elements in Benin to the general population. The majority of Muslims in the country is the Sunni Maliki. Among the Muslims in this country, the Sufi sects, especially Ticaniyya and Kadiriyye, are also effective.
Industry and Tourism
Benin's economy is based on agriculture. The share of agricultural production in the gross domestic product is 36%. 62% of the working population is employed in the agricultural sector. The most produced agricultural product is corn. In addition, agricultural products such as grains, cassava, earthnuts, oil palm, coconut, peanuts, flax, tobacco, and coffee are also grown. In 1992, 540 thousand tons of grain was produced. In the same year, the production of ground crops such as cassava, ground apples, peanuts totaled 2 million 140 thousand tons, the production of legumes was 57 thousand tons, the fruit production was 164 thousand tons and the vegetable production was 233 thousand tons. The government gives importance to agriculture.
In addition, livestock is considered good. Nomadic tribes usually earn their livelihood by livestock. The government also received loans from various international financial institutions to develop livestock breeding. In 1992, there were 1 million head cattle, 920 thousand head sheep and 750 thousand pigs in the country. A large number of streams also allow fishing. In 1991, 41 thousand tons of fish and seafood were hunted. An average of 1 million 400 thousand barrels of crude oil is produced annually in the country and the oil produced meets the domestic demand. Benin is thought to have 20 million barrels of crude oil reserves. In addition, iron, chromium, gold and titanium reserves. The revenue from the mines is 6 per thousand in gross domestic product.
Bronze casting is the first thing that comes to mind when Benin is mentioned. Bronze casting art was introduced in the 1280s. The kingdom reached its maximum magnitude and artistic splendor in the 15th and 16th centuries. For a long time, the bronze statues of Benin were the only historical evidence to date back to the West African past several centuries ago, and both had the purpose of the monumental power of the figures represented, as well as the level of technical success achieved in the bronze casting. The Benin bronzes are better known than the works of Ife or Owo because of their existence in Western museums since the 1890s.
Population Density: 105 per Km2
Land Area: 112,760 Km2