Bosnia and Herzegovina / Maps, Geography, Facts

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Bosnia and Herzegovina, coast of the Adriatic Sea, is a Balkan country. It was established by separating from the territory of the former Yugoslavia. The capital city of Sarajevo has a green nature.

Bosnia and Herzegovina is a country in the Balkan territory. The country is a neighbor to Croatia in the north, west and south, and Serbia in the east and Montenegro in the south. A 20-kilometer coast on the southern tip of the country faces the Adriatic Sea but does not have a natural harbor.

Where is Bosnia and Herzegovina?


Bosnia and Herzegovina has a mountainous terrain structure that resembles a triangle. The Sava and Neretva rivers divide the mountainous terrain. Moreover, there is arable land in small dips in between. The Bosnian River, giving its name to the country, merges with the Sava River after 271 kilometers. To the north of the country’s soil, there are arable fertile soils.


It is a republic-ruled country. The president and councilors are elected every five years. Assembly consists of 240 seats. See also, Cantons of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina.


In the country, winters are cold and cool, and summers are hot. Bosnia and Herzegovina, blessed with a region close to the Mediterranean, is not under the influence of the Mediterranean climate because the Mediterranean climate does not reach the region with the mountains in the country.


In Bosnia-Herzegovina, 44% are Muslims, the majority being Bosniaks. 36% are Orthodox, generally Serbian. And 16% are Catholic Christians, predominantly Croats. In a country with a secular system of religion and belief, it manifests itself as a traditional cultural element.

Industry and Tourism

The economy is based on agriculture. The main agricultural products are cereals and fats. Vegetables, sugar beets, linen, and tobacco are also important products. Forestry and sheep breeding is important in the economy. Fruit growing has developed in the central and northern parts of Bosnia. In Herzegovina, viticulture has developed. Among the industrial products are timber, iron-steel, tobacco, leather, and sugar.

Bosnia and Herzegovina is a country with four seasons, the winters are cold and rainy and the summers are hot and dry. For this reason, the best time for your visit to Bosnia and Herzegovina will be spring and autumn. If you want to choose Bosnia Herzegovina for winter tourism, especially Bjelasnica, Igman and Jahorina mountains are waiting for you to ski. For visitors who love entertainment, festivals, art, and warmth, Bosnia and Herzegovina can be a very pleasant sightseeing destination in August. See also, Tourism in Bosnia and Herzegovina, 10 Reasons to Visit Bosnia and Herzegovina.


The music of the country, which is called Europe’s most exotic and homogeneous music, is influenced by the reflections of its hosting of different nations. The world famous Goran Begovic is an important artist trained in Bosnia Herzegovina.

Population:  3,502,583

Population Density: 69 per Km2

Land Area: 51,000 Km ²