Botswana / Maps, Geography, Facts

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Botswana, located in the south of the African continent, is neighbor with South Africa in the south and southeast, Namibia in the north and west, and Zambia and Zimbabwe in the northeast.

Its largest city is Gaborone, which is also the capital. Apart from that, Francistown and Molepolole are the two other important and big cities. Although the official language of the country is both English and Setswana, the local people mostly use the Setswana language except for official issues.

Where is Botswana?


The whole country is highland. The western sides of Botswana, which is a very steep plateau, have an average height of 55 m and an average height of 1000 m. The famous Kalahari Desert covers the western part of the country. The eastern part of the Kalahari Desert, which is dry in the middle, is covered with bushes. Important rivers of Botswana are the Okavango and Chobe rivers. These rivers come here after they were born in Angola. When the Okavango River forms a swamp of 16,835 km2, it flows into Ngami, one of the most important lakes in the country near the swamp. Makarikari, another important lake, is in the east.


Botswana, affiliated to the Commonwealth of Nations, is governed by a parliamentary regime based on the presidential system. The president is elected by the 35-member assembly. 31 members of the Assembly elected for a period of 5 years, while the remaining four members were appointed by the president.


In Botswana, the arid and semi-desert climate prevails. For this reason, temperatures are 35 degrees during the year, while in winter it is 20 degrees. However, there are great temperature differences between day and night in winter; sometimes the difference is 20 degrees. The nine months of the year are dry and the rainfall is seen between December and March.


The proportion of people who believe in local religions in Botswana is about half of the population. While 49.2 percent of the people believe in local religions, 29 percent live in the Protestant sect of the Christian religion and 9 percent in their religious beliefs according to the Catholic sect.

Industry and Tourism

The country’s economy is mostly based on animal husbandry as there are no suitable areas for agriculture in Botswana. Mining has started to be effective in the country’s economy with the introduction of rich underground resources. Diamonds account for 70 percent of the country’s exports. In addition, minerals such as copper, nickel, salt, silver, and coal are extracted.

Another source of income is tourism. Major national parks such as Chobe National Park, Gemsbok National Park or Makgadikgadi Pans National Park in Botswana are among the top reasons tourists visit this country.

Pula, the country’s currency, has a solid structure against the Dollar and the Euro. The economy of Botswana, which grew by 9 percent annually in recent years, has made it a middle-level country, one of the poorest countries.


Tsodilo Hills in Botswana is a rock art site dating back thousands of years in the Okavango Delta. Each consists of four quartzite hills located in rock art created by the ancestors of the San and Hambukushu tribes who lived in the land for millenia.

The site is listed in the UNESCO World Heritage List in 2001 and is not the most popular place in the country, but Tsodilo Hills has attracted the attention of visitors who are curious about the ancient rock paintings and mysticism. Tsodilo is home to the richest rock art paintings in the world. There are an estimated 4500 pictures in the desert that gave the nickname the Louvre.


Botswana National Football Team is a team that is managed by the Botswana Football Association and represents the country of Botswana. He has not yet been successful in participating in the World Cup and Africa Cup of Nations. It is currently competing in the preliminary qualifiers to advance in the continental tournament.

Population: 2,358,520

Population Density: 4 per Km2

Land Area: 566,730 Km2