Bulgaria / Maps, Geography, Facts

Flag Capital Tourism&Travel Provinces

Bulgaria, which has a very rich history, comes to mind with its lush nature. The official language of Bulgaria is the Bulgarian language and almost all of the people speak Bulgarian. Besides Bulgarian, the number of people who speak Turkish and Russian is also quite high. The Bulgarian Lev is used as currency.

Where is Bulgaria


The Balkan Mountains divide Bulgaria roughly into two geographical regions, the Danube Plateau in the north and the Thrace Plateau in the south. In southern Bulgaria, which has quite a mountainous geography, the Rhodope and Rila ranges are located. The highest peak of the country and the Balkans, the Musala Mountain at 2925 meters, is also here.

The Danube River, the most important river in the country, also forms the Romanian-Bulgarian border.


Bulgaria is a republic governed by parliamentary democracy. Elections are supervised and regulated by the Central Election Commission. Political parties compete directly for the 240 seats in the assembly. The National Assembly has the authority to issue laws, approve the budget, organize the presidential election, vote and take office, declare war, remove troops, sending troops abroad, and approve international contracts. Bulgaria is divided into provinces as administrative areas. Provinces called “Oblasts” in the Bulgarian language.


In Bulgaria, the winters are cold and the summers are hot.


A large proportion of Bulgarian citizens are Orthodox Christians.

Industry and Tourism

Until 1990, the country where the socialist economy dominated in the state administration was in a very severe economic depression during the 90s due to the loss of the Soviet market after the disintegration of the Eastern Bloc and the capitalist economic integration problems. The Bulgarian economy is among the fastest-growing economies in the recovery period and the European countries from the end of the ’90s.

Touristically, it is not popular with other European countries but the country offers many activities for tourists. Winter sports are at the top of these activities. Therefore, winter sports lovers can visit from December to March.

At the same time, the nightlife is quite colorful in the country which owns beautiful beaches with each other. So you can also visit in the summer months.


Despite its small size, it is an incredible treasure with its regional differences, the diversity of popular musicians, and the many musicians of its time, with scores of tens of thousands of centuries of transcendental love. Women are clearly predominant in singing in the country where pre-Christian pagan traditions and archaic song forms are still vigorous. The country has a history of music dating back to the Middle Ages.

Population: 7,010,529

Population Density: 64 per Km2

Land Area: 108,560 Km ²