Cape Verde / Maps, Geography, Facts

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Cape Verde is an African country consisting of archipelago offshore in Senegal and Mauritania in the central part of the Atlantic Ocean in West Africa. The three largest is Santiago, Santo Antao, and Boa Vista. The capital Praia is on Santiago Island.


Cape Verde, an island state in the Atlantic Ocean included in West Africa, is located 570 km west of the African continent off the coast of Senegal. The island country is located in the African plain, one of the largest plains in the world. The island, which has an area of 4.033 km² in total, has a 965 km coastline. 10 out of the eighteen islands in the country are inhabitants. Six of the ten islands of the population are the Barlavento Islands and four are Sotavento Islands. The highest point of the country is Pico do Fogo with 2.829 m.


Cape Verde, governed by the Republic, gained independence from Portugal on 5 July 1975. Cape Verde is managed by a semi-presidential system. The Assembly consists of 72 deputies.


In the country where moderate climate is dominant, periodic droughts are seen due to high temperatures and irregular precipitation. The islands are of volcanic origin.


There are many Roman Catholics as well as Protestants as religious beliefs. Portuguese (official) and Crioli (Kreol) languages are spoken in the country.

Industry and Tourism

Fisheries, especially tuna and lobster potential is high. The country is very poor in terms of natural resources. 70 percent of the people live in the local area and are engaged in agriculture. The main agricultural products are bananas, corn, beans, sweet potatoes, sugarcane, coffee, peanuts. However, about 90 percent of the foodstuffs are imported. The largest import partner is Portugal. Export products are shoes, fish, bananas, clothes, and fuel. The largest export partners are Spain and Portugal.

Population: 557,651

Population Density: 139 per Km2

Land Area: 4,030 Km2