Central Africa is a landlocked country in the central part of the African continent. Chad, Sudan, South Sudan, Democratic Republic of Congo, Republic of Congo and Cameroon are the borders of the country. With the name Ubangi-Chari, in the past, the country, which was the French colony, gained independence in 1960. Bangui is the capital of the country.
The country is based on a plateau with an average height of 600 m above sea level. An area of 216,000 km2, in particular in the northern part of the country, is located in the Chad Basin. The highest point in the Bongo mountain range, located in the northeastern part of the country, is 1,330 m, located in the Yade mountain range near the Cameroon border. The lowest point in the country is the Ubangi River with 335 m.
The country is governed by a presidential system, which came into force on 14 January 1995. The multi-party system is valid in the country and the term of office of the elected president has been determined as six years. The presidency, which functions as the highest commander of the armed forces, also authorizes the person in office to dissolve the parliament. Apart from the prime minister and the authorities of the council of ministers, where the head of state has the power to appoint itself, there is also a 109-seat national parliament elected every five years.
There is a dry and warm climate throughout the country, but in the north and south of the country, there is a different climate. Accordingly, temperatures are higher in the north of the country. It is dominated by the Savan climate which in the rainy period daily temperatures can be measured at 40 ° C during the day and at night it can be measured at 10 ° C. In the southern part, the training period lasts from eight to ten months and temperatures are more moderate than in the north. In the capital of the country, because of its location close to the tropical rainforests, there are no extreme differences in temperature values.
According to the results of the 2003 census, only 9.6% of the country's population believes in local African religions. The proportion of the population living according to the Christian faith throughout the country is 50%. The majority of the communities that make up the Christian population across the country live in areas close to the Democratic Republic of Congo. Within the Central African Republic, the proportion of those who live according to the belief in Islam is around 10%.
Industry and Tourism
With no sea or ocean shore, because it is completely surrounded by land, 87% of the population is living in agriculture. Lumber, coffee, and cotton in the country represent an important part of exports. Diamond trade in the country also makes an important contribution to the economy.
Population Density: 8 per Km2
Land Area: 622,980 Km2