Colors and the Meaning of the China Flag
The Chinese Flag is officially called the Red Flag. On the red ground, there is a big yellow star in the left corner of the flag and four small stars.
The red color is used as a symbol of communism and the Chinese Nation, and the great yellow star represents the leadership of the communist party. Four small stars, curved in the right side of the large yellow star, represent the four classes that exist in the country (farmers, workers, petty-bourgeois, and firms in the Chinese-Japanese War that stand against Japanese).
History of the China Flag
China’s first flag was revealed in 1895 by the Republican insurgent Lu Haodong as a symbol of the resistance movement. The aim of this movement was to establish the Republic of China known as the Kuomintang. The flag of China at the time was blue, with a white sun in the middle. There are 12 triangles that shine around this Sun. These triangles are indicative of 12 months in a year. Blue is the symbol of freedom and white is the symbol of democracy.
In 1895, the Japanese occupied the Manchuria province of China, and as a result of this occupation, China wanted peace, and Treaty of Shimonoseki signed. As a result of this agreement had to give China, Manchuria province, Liaodong Peninsula, Pescadores Islands and Formosa to Japan. Japan’s occupation of China was so effective that in itself many governments were founded in favor of Japan, bearing the identity of Japan and embracing their flags.
In 1899, many political parties were formed to establish the republic, and these parties formed their own flags to represent their political aspects. The blue flag of Lu Haodong is used only in a few states. The flag of the state of Shanghai is significantly more widely used. This flag is multicolored and consists of five broad lines. These lines represent the Chinese peoples. The red line above the flag symbolizes the Han, the yellow line represents Manchu, the blue line represents the Mongols, the white striped Hui, and the black line symbolizes the people settled in the mountains of Tibet.
The war between the socialist and communist parties in 1949 resulted in the victory of the Socialist Party, led by Mao Zedong. With this victory, the new Socialist Chinese State was declared with the new flag. After China’s civil war was over, a new flag was designed by Zeng Liansong to unite all the Chinese under a flag. On October 1, 1949, the Chinese flag with the red background was used. The flag has five golden colored stars on this red background. One is bigger than the others and this big star is shown as the symbol of the Socialist Party. The other four stars represent the classes of the Chinese people. This classification is made by Mao Zedong and consists of workers, farmers, bourgeois and national riches.
Neighboring Countries of China
Mongolia in the north, Russia and North Korea in the north-east, the Yellow Sea and the East China Sea in the east, the South China Sea in the south-east, Vietnam in the south, Laos, Myanmar, India, Bhutan and Nepal, south-west Pakistan, Afghanistan, Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan, and Kazakhstan.
Main Characteristics of China
The People’s Republic of China, which has one of the oldest civilizations, is also the world’s highest population. Beijing is the capital of the country, where you can witness many historical buildings when you go. The Great Wall, the 7th wonder of the world and the longest defensive wall at the same time, is in Beijing. About one-sixth of the world’s population lives in this country. The official language is Mandarin. The regional languages are Chinese and Uighur. They use the renminbi currency.
The climates vary according to the region due to its spread over a very wide geographical area. In the northwestern parts, there is a harsh continental climate, while in the south the monsoon climate prevails.
Chinese cuisine is one of the richest cuisines in the world. The most important nutrients are rice. Meat and soybeans also have a great importance. Many vegetables are available. Chinese cuisine is served outside with soups. Green teas are also world famous.
|Currency||Renminbi (yuan; ¥)|
|Highest Point||Mount Everest (8,848 m)|
|Total Area||9,596,961 km2|