Croatia / Maps, Geography, Facts

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Croatia has become one of the most important tourism centers of Europe because of having one of the most beautiful seasides of the Mediterranean and touristic places to visit. Visitors to the country also prefer Adriatic Sea coasts. Zagreb, which is highly developed in terms of culture with street artists, theaters and concerts, is the capital of the country. A large majority of the population speaks Croatian, the official language.

It is a neighbor to Slovenia in the north, Hungary in the northeast, Serbia in the east, and Bosnia and Herzegovina in the southeast.

Where is Croatia?


The major rivers pass through Sava, Drava, Cup and Danube, Hrvatsko Zagorje’s mountainous northern parts and the plains north of Slavonia. The Danube is the second longest river in Europe, which flows along Vukovar in the eastern part of the country and draws part of the country’s border with Serbia. The Adriatic coast and the central and southern regions close to the islands are composed of low mountain and woodland. Oil, coal, bauxite, low-quality iron ore, calcium, gypsum, natural asphalt, silica, mica, clay, salt, and hydropower are found in the country.


Croatia is a unitary state that uses a parliamentary system of governance.

Its largest city and capital is Zagreb. Other important cities include Osijek, Varaždin, Gospić, and Bjelovar. The country where Dalmatian coast type is seen also consists of about 1000 islands and islets. Two of the largest and most popular islands are Cres and Krk.


The Mediterranean is ruling the Istria Peninsula and the Dalmatian coast. In these regions, summers are hot and dry, winters are warm and rainy. Inland and mountainous regions have a more severe climate.


Although there is no official religion in Croatia where the Christian religion is prevalent, the population of the Roman Catholic Church is intense. It is known that 80% of the population is Catholic and 4% is Orthodox.

Industry and Tourism

The Croatian economy is based on agriculture and industry. While the economy was based on agriculture and cattle fattening until the Second World War, the post-war industry quickly developed. Oil is extracted at various places in the country. The capital Zagreb is an important industrial center.

In Croatia, tourism constitutes a large part of the service sector and Croatia accounts for about 20% of its income. After the end of the Independence War of Croatia, the number of tourists coming to the country increased by 10 million to nearly four times. Most of the tourists in Croatia are Croatian tourists, and so are the Germans, Slovenians, and Austrians.

Population: 4,151,312

Population Density: 74 per Km2

Land Area: 55,960 Km ²