Colors and the Meaning of the Czech Republic Flag
The flag of the Czech Republic is the same as the old Czechoslovak flag. In the result of the disintegration of Czechoslovakia, Slovakia adopted a new flag, while the Czech Republic maintained this flag due to its historical ties.
The main colors of the flag are red and white, very old national and Bohemian flag colors. Since the flag, which has been used for many years, has the same characteristics as the Polish flag and the Austrian flag, a blue part has been added. Although there is no definite information about who made this idea, many researchers agree on the name of Jaroslav Kursa.
History of the Czech Republic Flag
The history of the traditional colors of Czech lands dates back to the coat of arms of 1192. It consisted of two silver-tailed stinging lions on the red ground.
After the establishment of an independent Czechoslovakia in 1918, the country was using the red and white flags of Bohemia, the same as the Polish flag. A committee called for a new flag to be adopted by the newborn state, and a flag was designed by Jaroslav Kursa, who served as an archivist in the Czech Ministry of Interior. The flag designed by Jaroslav Kursa contained red and white horizontal lines in the emblem of Bohemia.
The flag was officially approved by the National Assembly of Czechoslovakia on 30 March 1920. The flag has been in constant use ever since (except the German occupation of Czechoslovakia during World War II). Also, during the short period following the Velvet Revolution, between 1990 and 1992, the Czech part of Czechoslovakia adopted the previous red and white flag. Czech part of the Czechoslovak federation state adopted the previous red and white flag.
During the 1992 negotiations on the division of Czechoslovakia, a clause prohibiting the use of Czechoslovakia by the state symbols or the successor state was added to the legislation on the dissolution of the federation. The Czech Republic has violated this clause and has passed the law that invalidates the previous agreement and protects the use of the flag.
The 1990 Constitution established the Czech territories and Slovakia as two equal nations. Each nation had its own coat of arms, seal, flag, and anthem, which were laid down in the 1990s. Slovakia, on March 1, 1990, continued to use the communist-era coat of arms, seal, flag, and anthem. State flag has not changed.
The agreement between the two countries was made by the two countries not to accept the emblems of the previous state, but on December 17, 1992 Czech adopted the blue triangle flag as the Czech Republic flag. Thus the red flag on white was the official flag of Czech between 13 March 1990 and 17 December 1992. This flag is not used for a very long period of use, because it is a little-used flag is not remembered by many citizens.
Neighboring Countries of the Czech Republic
Main Characteristics of the Czech Republic
The Czech Republic, which has attracted much attention with its historical places and architecture, is the country where Prague, the city of dreams known as the Heart of Europe. Prague is also the capital of the country and the tourist center. One of the important symbols is beer. The majority of the population lives in urban centers. The official languages are Czech. They use the Czech Koruna as currency.
The continental climate is dominant. Winters are warm and summer is not very hot.
Meat is mainly used in Czech cuisine. Dumpling, roast, and goulash are the leading dishes. Czech beer should be tried as a beverage. There are many delicious beer varieties.
|Currency||czech koruna (CZK)|
|Highest point||Sněžka (1,602 m)|
|Total area||78,866 km2|