In the winter months, nearly most of us get influenza. Unfortunately, when we do not get daily vitamin supplements, it’s not easy to recover. We made a research on influenza.We prepared three maps showing the data, in 2014, 2015 and 2016, Deaths By Influenza in the U.S.A. First we will interpret maps and then talk about influenza virus.
When we look at the deaths due to the influenza virus in 2016, New York and California have become the most lost provinces because of their crowded population. When a comment is made by the count, these two states are in the forefront. However, considering the number of deaths/total population, Hawaii with a rate of 24.4% and Mississippi with a rate of 23.4% can be regarded as the most lost provinces.
When the data for 2015 are examined, the situation does not change. When we run a number-based study, New York and California are the two most lost provinces, and when the rates are examined, we are confronted with Hawaii and Mississippi.
When we look at the statistics for 2014, New York and California are again the two states with the highest number of deaths. But when we examine death rates, we see Nevada at the top.
Did you know how many lives has been taken by Influenza in the U.S.A?
We are saddened even when we say that, but between 2014-2015-2016, 163,570 lives ended up with influenza virus. While the total loss in 2014 was 55,153 people, this number increased to 56,958 in 2015. In 2016, the number of deaths due to influenza declined to 51,459.
We started with sad information. What is this crucial influenza virus that causes so many lives to end?
Influenza is a viral infection caused by influenza A, B and C viruses. It is influenza virus that causes widespread disease. Although they pass in average one week in healthy people; people with chronic illnesses (diabetes, heart-lung diseases, chronic kidney failure, AIDS, etc.) who have lowered body resistance take longer to treat in the elderly and in children.
Clinical Signs and Findings
The flu suddenly starts after a 2-3 day incubation period. High fever, headache, muscle aches, weakness, loss of appetite are often symptoms. Burning in the throat, runny nose, dry cough, and other symptoms of fatigue are other symptoms.
Although symptoms of fatigue and fatigue may last longer, symptoms of flu in healthy people last about a week. Life-threatening complications can occur in children with the underlying disease, in immunocompromised patients, and in the elderly.
Symptomatic treatment is recommended, such as bed rest, plenty of fluid intake, pain relievers and antipyretics, antiviral drugs. Complications should be closely monitored and appropriately treated. Herbal teas are thought to be beneficial because of their immune system-enhancing effects.
Inactivated vaccines are vaccines which have proven effective in influenza protection. Work on live attenuated vaccines and DNA-based vaccines is ongoing.
The World Health Organization closely monitors the changes in the virus and makes annual recommendations for the vaccine content. Every year the vaccine content is prepared taking into account the recommendations of the World Health Organization.
The vaccine can provide 50-80% protection if there is an antigenic similarity to the viruses secreted by the prepared vaccine. In healthy adults, the level of the protective antibody provided by the vaccine has been reported above 80% for influenza. It has been found that the elderly have lower complications and mortality rates with lower protection rates.
Influenza vaccine should be administered by November every year with the new vaccine of that year.