Democratic Republic of the Congo / Maps, Geography, Facts

Flag Capital Provinces

The capital of the Democratic Republic of the Congo is Kinshasa. With its population, it is the fourth most populous country in Africa. The official language is French.

The old name is Zaire. It is surrounded by the Congo in the west, Central African Republic and Sudan in the north, Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi and Tanzania in the east, and Angola and Zambia in the south.

Where is the Democratic Republic of the Congo?


Much of the country is in the Congo (Zaire) river basin. Low springs cover the northern middle part of the country. This land is surrounded by mountainous terraces from the west. There is broad grassland in the northwest. A small piece of country borders looks at the Atlantic Ocean. The highest mountains are located along the north-south line, known as the Great Rift Valley, on the border of the Congo-Uganda.

At the same time, there are the largest lakes of the country (Albert, Edward, Kivu, and Tanganyika lakes). The two major mountain ranges in the region are the Ruwenzori and Virunga ranges. Mount Margherica, the highest point of the country, is 5,119 meters high. The Virunga Mountains still have eight large volcanoes, some of which are still active. Victory (Congo), the largest river of the country, has a stable water level and 2,736 kilometers is accessible all year round. The total length is 4,348 km.


The Democratic Republic of the Congo is a republic governed by a one-party system. The only party in the country, Mouvement Populaire de la Révolution (MPR), founded by President Mobutu. The executive committee of the MPR and the government were merged in 1972 and the National Executive Council was brought to the scene. The legislative body is the National Assembly. There are 9 administrative regions in the country. The country belongs to the organizations of the United Nations and the African Union.


The temperature in The Democratic Republic of the Congo is constantly high. However, the precipitation varies greatly depending on the height. The average annual temperature in the whole country is close to 27 degrees. The Democratic Republic of the Congo is divided into two by the equator. It is rainy all year along the equator and the annual precipitation average is around 1,500 millimeters.


 80% of the population throughout the country belongs to the Christian religion.

Industry and Tourism

The backbone of the economy is mining. Mines constitute 85% of the country’s exports. 75% of the working population work in agriculture. The main crops grown in the country are coffee, cotton, rice, sugarcane, banana, large coconut, cassava, hint (mono), tea and cocoa. Fishing, hunting, goat and poultry are in good condition. The Democratic Republic of the Congo is one of the developing countries. Moreover, there are textile soap, shoemaking, building materials, cigarette, paint, varnish, automobile and bicycle materials and plastic factories in the country.

The country, which is a country rich in natural and wildlife, has four national parks and natural habitat in Africa’s largest rainforests and the UNESCO World Natural Heritage List.


At the Academy of Fine Arts, where African artists are prominent, there are art galleries in the school, as well as authentic African art. Moreover, you can find here special wood sculptures, masks, souvenirs.

Population: 85,715,472

Population Density: 38 per Km2

Land Area: 2,267,050 Km2