Denmark is known as one of the happiest countries in the world. Located in northern Europe, Denmark is the smallest country on the Scandinavian peninsula. A large part is located on the Jylland Peninsula. It is located in Germany to the south, Sweden and the Baltic Sea to the east, and the North Sea to the west. One of Europe’s most contemporary and human rights sensitive countries, Denmark is one of Scandinavia’s most wonderful places, with its colorful houses, moving streets, delicious food, historical monuments, and stunning shops.
Denmark, a country originally ruled by the Vikings, has been maintaining its independence since 980. The country, which consists of more than 400 islands, also includes Greenland and Faroe Islands.
Where is Denmark?
The territory of the country, which is an extension of a large flat in Northern Europe, is not too rough. The highest point in Denmark, where the average height is 30 meters above sea level, is Yding Skovhoj, east of Jylland. The surface shapes are usually formed at the fourth time. The fourth time consists of subterranean layers of glacial sediments carried by glaciers, sedimentary soils such as chalk, sandstone from the second time, and sediments such as marl, clay, sand, and the third time. Three throats emerged after the ice broke: the Great Belt between Fyn and Sjaelland; Small Belt between Sjaelland and Fyn; Skagerrak, Kattegat, and Oresund, which combine the Baltic and North seas to distinguish today’s Denmark from Scandinavia.
The eastern and western parts of the Jylland Peninsula are quite different. In the east, there are small natural harbors with narrow lake valleys, plains, and low hills; sand beaches and sand dunes in the west, as well as recesses and protrusions created by the lagoons. The southwest coast of the half is swampy, the middle is flat. The greatest of the archipelago are Sjaelland, Lolland, and Fyn. Most of the islands, which are composed of plains and low hills under the sea level, are covered with clayey soils formed by glaciers under the glaciers. Esbjerg is the only major harbor on the 7,400 km long landing strip. Gudena, the country’s longest river, crosses the north of Jylland, then heading east, reaching Kattegat in the Randers Fjord.
There is a constitutional administration. According to the constitution adopted on September 10, 1920, Denmark is ruled by the king in the constitutional order. According to the law of March 27, 1953, the women of the line of the ruler can also rise to the throne. There are 179 members elected in 4 years. The king has the authority to enforce and execute laws. A government established in Parliament helps the king in the execution. The king is the appointed prime minister in parliament.
In a country with a humid structure, a transition climate is observed between the ocean effects of Western Europe and the snow effects of Central and Eastern Europe. While the storms blowing from the Atlantic Ocean and the North Sea make the climate harder, the Gulf Stream allows the weather to soften in winter. The average temperature during the year ranges from 0 degrees to 16 degrees. The western regions of the country are more humid, and the eastern regions are drier.
In the Danish Constitution, the state religion is mentioned. According to the numbers of January 2012, 79% of the population is a member of the Danish National Church. Moreover, the church is the Lutheran sect designated by the Danish Constitution. 4% of the Danish population is Muslim. Muslims constitute Denmark’s second largest religious community. Other religious groups are around 1% of the population.
Industry and Tourism
Agriculture; In Denmark, where about 70% of the country’s surface area is used for agricultural purposes, the yield is quite high.
Farming; 2.4 million cattle and 9.3 million pigs, as well as poultry (chicken, rooster, turkey) and egg-laying are important. Moreover, Denmark produces 1.2 million tons of pork, 255 thousand tons of beef and 5.2 million tons of milk annually. Also, the country obtains 100 thousand tons of butter and 275 thousand tons of cheese. 99% of the 3.5 million tonnes of fish are produced in the Atlantic Ocean and 1% is in the inland waters.
Natural resources; Oil production started in the North Sea to save energy, reached 4.6 million in 1988. Furthermore, the country produces 400 billion cubic meters of natural gas annually. Salt and limestone are other major natural sources.
The rich, well-designed and extensive architectural heritage of Denmark preserve its past and art well.
Rosenborg Castle, which has 400 years of glory, is one of the most important structures of Denmark. Built in the 17th century by Scandinavian king “IV. Christian”, the castle is located in the capital Copenhagen. The Rosenborg Castle, opened in 1838, displays a magnificent collection of royal artifacts, jewelry and noble costumes from the royal family.
Population Density: 136 per Km2
Land Area: 42,430 Km ²