Known for its pyramids and deeply rooted history, Egypt has a 7,000-year history. One of the seven wonders of the world, the Pyramid of Keops is located in Egypt. Capital city Cairo; it is the Arab world's and Africa's largest city. It is the heart of the country in terms of artistic, tourist and cultural aspects. The official language is Arabic.
It is located in North Africa. It is neighboring to Libya in the west, and neighbor to Sudan in the south. The part of the country which is located on the Asian peninsula is a neighbor to Palestine and Israel through the Sinai Peninsula. The Nile River, which passes through Egypt, flows into the Mediterranean.
Egypt, which is a northeastern African country, is surrounded by the Mediterranean from the north, the Red Sea and Palestine from the north, Sudan from the south, and Libya from the west. Mount Katerina, the highest place on the peninsula of Sina, is 2,637 meters. The most important stream is the Nile river. Only 4% of the land is farmland. An important part of the land suitable for agriculture is in the valley of Nile.
Egypt is apparently governed by a multi-party democratic system. The country is governed by the constitution enacted on September 11, 1971. The President is elected by a general election.
The prime minister is appointed by the president. The 454-member parliament has legislative power.
A warm and dry climate is dominant. There are two seasons in the country. Winter months are not tough, they are very soft. The temperature in the southern reaches 43 degrees in summer and falls in winter to 15 degrees. The temperature difference between night and day in the country is also quite high.
The official religion is Islam. 91% of the people are Muslim. Furthermore, the rest of the population is composed of Orthodox Christians of the same origin (they have a different conviction from the other orthodox), Orthodox Greek origin, Maronite Christians of Arab origin, and Catholic and Protestant Christians who have settled in Egypt from various European countries. Almost all of the Muslims are Sunnis, the majority are Shafii, and a significant number are Hanafis.
Industry and Tourism
The Egyptian economy is based on agriculture, animal husbandry, and tourism. Agriculture is mostly done in the Nile valley. The share of income from agricultural products and animal husbandry in the gross domestic product is 20%. 40% of the working population work in these sectors. Cotton is at the head of the agricultural products. Besides this, cereals and various vegetables are also important products.. Fishing is also common. In Egypt, there is the extraction of some minerals such as iron, phosphate, manganese, zinc, and gold. Mine revenues constitute 2% of gross domestic product. Oil is another industrial product in Egypt. There is also the utilization of forest products in some areas.
Egypt is a country rich in history. In Cairo, there are many antique and Islamic artifacts. All these historical riches attract a large number of tourists to Egypt. Tourism income covers some of the deficiencies in foreign trade. Because of its 7,000 year history, Egypt attracts millions of tourists every year.
In order to understand the art of ancient Egypt, it is necessary to think with an ancient Egyptian point of view. When Egyptian paintings and sculptures are compared to the static, generally abstract, and generally chunky structure of the paintings, and to the naturalistic nature of Greek or Renaissance art in the later periods, we sometimes see Egyptian paintings unfairly criticized. However, the art of painting in Egypt served a very different purpose than the civilizations of the later periods.
Today, we look at the glorious treasures found in the grave of Tutankhamun, the magnificent reliefs of the New Kingdom graves, the amazement and admiration of the peaceful beauty of the ancient Kingdom sculptures. However, we must remember that none of these works were made to be seen. The aim was not to look at the works.
Population Density: 102 per Km2
Land Area: 995,450 Km2