Equatorial Guinea / Maps, Geography, Facts

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Equatorial Guinea is one of the smallest countries in Africa, located in West Africa, on the coast of the Atlantic Ocean. It is bounded by Cameroon in the north, Gabon in the south and east, the Gulf of Guinea in the west and Sao Tome and Principe in the southwest.

Where is Equatorial Guinea?


As one of the smallest countries in the African continent, the country is spread over an area of 28.051 km². Of these, 26,000 km² is composed of the mainland, while the remaining area covers the islands. In the islands, Bioko is the biggest island of 2017 km². Starting from the mainland shore Mbini reaches up to 1,200 m inland.


The country is governed by a dictatorial regime, despite the country’s form of government as a parliamentary democracy. President Mbasogo is one of the top decision makers in the country. Analysts say the country is governed by a Kleptocracy system and states that the country has one of the most corrupt systems in the world. With the constitutional amendment made in 1991, the president was elected for a period of seven years. The head of state has the power to appoint the prime minister, members of the judiciary, and is also at the top of the armed forces.


It has a tropical climate. The average temperature is around 26 ° C. The average rainfall per year in the country with abundant rainfall varies between 2400-4600 mm. Between June and August, the Rio Muni region has a dry season, while Bioko has a rainy season. December – February is the opposite situation. Temperatures in the island of Bioko vary around 16 to 33 degrees Celsius, while temperatures in the Rio Muni region are around 27 degrees.


One of the characteristics that Spain left after the colonial period was religious. 87% of the people of Equatorial Guinea belong to the Catholic Christian faith. While 5% of the population is Protestant Christian, there are a group of about 1,000 Jehovah’s Witnesses in the country. The proportion of those who believe in local religions is almost negligible.

Industry and Tourism

The majority of people are engaged in agriculture. After the discovery and processing of oil resources in 1996, the economic development of the country has been affected in recent years. As of 2004, Equatorial Guinea has become the 3rd largest oil producer in Sub-Saharan Africa. Forestry, farming, and fishing are also important factors that meet gross national product.

Before the country gained independence from the cocoa production, the rural economy, which went bad under the relentless regime, reduced the potential for agricultural development. Owners of commercial establishments are mostly civil servants. Unprocessed natural resources are titanium, iron, manganese, uranium, and gold. Cocoa is the most important of export products. 75 percent of foreign trade in Spain. Spain is paying twice the price paid to Equatorial Guinea’s cocoa in the world market and applying fewer tariffs.

Population: 1,343,011

Population Density: 48 per Km2

Land Area: 28,050 Km2