Colors and the Meaning of the Eritrea Flag
Eritrea flag is composed of green, red and blue colors from top to bottom. The top of the rectangular triangle formed against the send side is green and the lower part is blue. The equilateral triangle in the flag is red.
The green color used in the flag represents the fertile soil of the country, the blue color represents the sea richness, and the red color symbolizes the blood flowing in the struggle for independence. There is a coat of arms of the country in the red equilateral triangle. The olive branch, which is surrounded by a wreath made of olive tree and which has 14 leaves on each side, is yellow in color.
History of the Eritrea Flag
The first known flag in the region was the Aussa Sultante flag. The Aussa Sultante flag consisted of a flat red area. This flag continued to fluctuate in the region until the region became an Italian colony.
In 1890 the region was renamed Italian Eritrea and the Italian East Africa flag was introduced. This flag was composed of three green-white-red vertical stripes and a white ribbon in the middle of the white strip. It consisted of a white cross on the red ground, surrounded by the rigging blue frame. The British took over Eritrea in 1941, but the national flag was not used. Eritrea was given to the Ethiopians in the 1950s in the Second World War. The first official Eritrean flag was adopted in 1952 during this period. This flag was made of a green garland of Eritrea on a blue background.
In 1961 the flag of Eritrea was banned. Eritrea wanted to leave Ethiopia and civil war broke out in the region. In the 1070s, the Eritrean Peopleyans Liberation Front flag fluttered as a flag of rebellion against Ethiopia. This green-red-blue triangle was used for the first time in the Eritrea flag. In this version of the flag, a golden five-pointed star is used in the red triangle. When the people of Eritrea finally gained independence in 1993, the flag of salvation was the flag of Eritrean, the golden flag that replaced the golden star. In 1995, the flag rates were changed from 2: 3 to 1: 2.
Neighboring Countries of Eritrea
It lies to the north of East Africa. It is neighbor to Sudan in the west, Ethiopia in the south and Djibouti in the southeast. Its east and northeast extend along the coast of the Red Sea.
Main Characteristics of Eritrea
Eritrea, which has been under the auspices of many countries since it was founded, became independent in 1993 after leaving Ethiopia. The capital of the country is Asmara, where Italian-style cultures are clearly seen. The majority of the population lives in the countryside and are engaged in animal husbandry. There are no official languages. They use Tigrinya language and Arabic in correspondence. Currency is Eritrean cashmere.
Tropical monsoon climate is dominant. Country climate varies by region. High areas are rainy and cold in general. They have similar sides with Ethiopian cuisine. In the Eritrean cuisine, spicy dishes are in the foreground. Kitcha, Tsebhi, Injera, Alicha Birsen are some of the flavors that can be preferred.
|Currency||eritrean nakfa (ERN)|
|Highest Point||Amba Soira (3,018 m)|
|Total Area||117,600 km2|