Estonia / Maps, Geography, Facts

Flag Capital Tourism&Travel Counties

Estonia, located in Northern Europe; is one of the countries with the highest literacy rates in the world. Tallinn, the capital city, is one of the cities that you need to visit with a lot of interest.

To the north lies the Gulf of Finland, the Russian Federation to the east, Latvia to the south, and the Baltic Sea to the west.

Where is Estonia?


The influence of past glaciers is widespread in Estonian lands with a surface area of 45,100 square kilometers. To the north of the territory of the country, there are narrow and long elevations that come from the remaining sediments of the icebergs. The average altitude is around 50 meters. The highest point of the country is Munamägi Hill (318 meters) located in the south-east.

Most of the rivers flow northward into the Gulf of Finland. The lakes cover 5% of the country’s land. The largest lake is Peipus Lake.


Estonia’s political regime is a parliamentary democracy. The Parliament (Riigikogu) has 101 seats. According to the Constitution, general elections are held every March every four years. The election threshold is 5%.


Temperate climate prevails. The temperature average is 16 degrees in summer and -4 degrees in winter.


Estonia is a country with a rich and diverse religious background, but in recent years the majority of population census is atheists. Christianity is the most common religion throughout the country.

Industry and Tourism

The economy is based on industrialization. Agriculture is also a significant contributor to the economy. Since the soils are not suitable for cultivation, about half of the plant production is grass grown for animals.

Oil and petroleum products play an important role in the country’s industry. The shale oil processing industry is also important in terms of the production of thermal electric energy required for the industry as well as the production of synthetic gas. The petrochemical industry includes products such as gasoline, adhesives, tanneries, resins formaldehyde and detergents. The building materials industry also developed. Furthermore, the main forest products are plywood, matches, paper, paper clay, and furniture. Among the woven products, cotton fabric is important. Other industrial establishments are factories that manufacture oil refining equipment, agricultural tools, mining machines, pipe excavators and electronic tools.

Population: 1,305,148

Population Density: 31 per Km2

Land Area: 42,390 Km ²