Ethiopia / Maps, Geography, Facts

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The Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia is an African country with many ethnic groups. The country, which is also known by its ancient name, Abyssinia, is known as the oldest civilization in history. For this reason, there are historical structures that you may be interested in. Addis Ababa is the capital city and at the same time the largest city in the country. It is the second highest population of Africa.

It is located in East Africa. Its neighbors are Sudan, South Sudan, Eritrea, Djibouti, Somalia, Kenya, and Uganda.

Where is Ethiopia?


It is generally a mountainous and plant-covered country. There are many broken lines. According to the examinations, the blocks of Ethiopian and Arabia to the east and the blocks of Africa in the west are continuously moving away from each other. For example, this distance of at least 1 millimeter per year is around 2 centimeters per year in the vicinity of the Red Sea.


In the country, which was a kingdom until 1974, the king was declared to be overthrown in 1975. They adopted a socialist regime. With the 1987 constitution democracy came.


The tropical monsoon climate is dominant. The temperature varies between 20-40 degrees during the year. There are long monsoon rains in the country.


55% of the population is Christian, 37% are Muslim, and 8% belong to other religions.

Industry and Tourism

In the country, where the economy is based on agriculture, 50% of the land is farmed. However, since the agricultural equipment is very primitive, product efficiency is at a low level. Wheat, barley, oats, corn, millet, especially a variety of fruits and vegetables are essential products. Besides, Mediterranean products such as cotton, sugarcane, and banana are also important products. The grown products meet your country needs. Coffee is the most important income-generating export product.

The factories are based on weaving, leather, furniture, cement, chemicals, and cigarettes. It lacks the energy necessary for the development of the industry. Animal husbandry, climate, and natural conditions are very convenient because of the availability. Cattle, horses, mules, camels, and sheep are fed in large quantities.

Thanks to its magnificent nature and animal diversity, it attracts tourists.

Population: 109,182,425

Population Density: 110 per Km2

Land Area: 1,000,000 Km2