Germany, an extension of Germanic tribes dating back to the 3rd century BC, is known as the country of poets and thinkers in world history. Hundreds of years of culture are among the countries that have decided on the course of the world with its development in the field of science and technology, which is known for its historical structures of unique natural beauties.
Germany is the most populous country of the European Union member states. The country in Central Europe is bordered by Denmark, Poland, Czech Republic, Switzerland, Austria, France, Belgium, Luxembourg and the Netherlands.
Germany is bordered by Denmark in the north, Poland and the Czech Republic in the north, Austria and Switzerland in the south, and France and Luxembourg, Belgium and the Netherlands in the west.
On the Alps in the South is the highest point of the country Zugspitze. In the north are the Baltic Sea and the North Sea coast. The central part of the country consists of forests and the north is the plains. Ren, Tuna and Elbe are the biggest rivers. In Germany there are natural resources such as iron, coal, potassium, uranium, copper, natural gas and nickel.
The Federal Republic of Germany has been a democratic, parliamentary federal state since 1949. In Germany, which reunited in 1990, there are 81 provinces with 16 provinces and over 100 thousand inhabitants.
Germany has a temperate climate in general. The climate is also affected by the westerly winds that carry moisture and the warm North Atlantic Currents. It rains abundantly in all seasons. The winters are not too cold, and the summers are not too hot. More terrestrial climate features are observed in eastern regions.
Berlin is the capital and largest city. 3.5 million people live in the city 70 kilometers away from the Polish border. It is located on the glacier valley of the Spree River, passing through the center of Berlin city center, where the effect of the Atlantic Ocean has diminished and the land climate has begun. Because of this, the air is cold and slightly damp, and on the other hand cleaner than other industrial cities. Aside from its wide streets, well-kept squares and magnificent stone structures, Berlin is a city with greenery that will balance the look of stone apartments. Berlin is borrowed from this greenery, the Spree River, which flows through the city, and the eastern and western lakes.
Germany, with a population of 82,298,721 million, is the second most populous country in Europe after Russia. Approximately 7.7% of the population is immigrants. The official language of the country is German. In addition to this, Turkish, Kurdish, Polish and Russian are also spoken. 67 percent of the country’s population speaks a foreign language.
The most common religion in the country is Christianity with 66.8% (30.8% Catholic, 30% Protestant). 32 to 35 percent of the population said they did not believe in a religion. Islam is the second largest religion in the country. According to the 2011 census, 1.9% of the population is Muslims.
Industry and Tourism
Today Germany is the fourth largest national economy after the US, Japan and China. It is the second most exported country in the world after China. More than 1 out of every 4 euros earned in an export champion country, more than 1 out of every 5 jobs comes directly or indirectly from foreign trade. With such a trade volume, the country is the lifeblood of the European Union.
Germany is a country considered as the cultural center of Europe. The impressive houses with pointed roofs have a beautiful panorama with towns like postcards. So, for many reasons, in 2011 more than 20 million tourists visited Germany. While German tours have become popular in recent years, a considerable part of Germany’s tourism resources is bicycle tourism. Bicycle tourists from all over the world participate in tours of Germany. The Oktoberfest in Munich is Germany’s most famous touristic and cultural activit.
From the Germans, many great artists have been brought up in fine arts, especially in the music, German composers have become famous in the world. German art has also given immortal art in paintings and sculptures.
Painting: The first examples of German painting that started in the Middle Ages are miniatures and book paintings.
Sculpture: Although sculpture in Germany started at the time of Great Karl, the first valuable dates back in the early eleventh century. The well-developed German sculpture of the twelfth century gave the best examples of the thirteenth century. Moreover, in the fourteenth century, gentle curly dresses in Gothic style sculptures dominated the body lines, and in the fifteenth century the folds multiplied and the sculpture became more rigid.
It is one of the most advanced countries in the field of football. It is one of the most successful countries in the World Cup. The country has raised many famous football players for world football.
The German cuisine varies according to the regions. Pork, beef and poultry dishes are the main dishes. The most consumed vegetables include potatoes, cabbage, carrots, turnips, spinach and beans. Grain foods, honey or jam are also the main breakfast meals of the German people.