Traditional festivals are celebrated in almost every town and village in Italy. These festivals take place in the form of reviving historical and religious events. This can change compared to the traditional festival or festival dates. Italy, which is famous for its opera is the homeland to famous opera composers; Verdi, Puccini, Donizetti, Rossini. Also, there are festivals on their behalf. Festival Puccini is held in Lucca in July-August. The Rossini Opera Festival is held in Pesaro in August. The Festival Verdi is held in Parma on October.
La Biennale di Venezia, the Venice Biennial, was initiated in 1895 by the city administration of Venice.
The International Art Exhibition, within the scope of the Biennial, includes many events such as the International Contemporary Music Festival, the International Theater Festival, the Venice Architecture Biennial and the annual Venice Film Festival.
The International Art Exhibition, which is identical with the Biennial, takes place every two years, beginning in June, until November, and is the most prestigious event of the contemporary art world.
Venice Film Festival originally named Mostra Internazionale d’Arte Cinematografica della Biennale di Venezia is the oldest film festival in the world. In 1932 it started with the name Esposizione Internazionale d’Arte Cinematografica, also it continues to perform every year in late August or early September in the name of Lido in Venice. It is part of the world’s most prestigious film festivals and part of the Venice Biennial.
The Most Important Festivals of Italy
Epifani ne Befana (January)
During the festival, the Vatican becomes colorful, people wear traditional clothes of the Middle Ages. Thousands of people come out on the streets. Throughout the festival, many churches display exhibitions of “the birth of Jesus”. It is the leading festival in Italy in terms of meaning and prominence.
Festa Della Sensa (May)
The gondola passes through the Venetian canals symbolize Venice’s power and splendor. It is a celebration of the political, cultural and social expansion that the Republic of Venice has achieved.
L’Ardia di San Constantino (July)
It is on the island of Sardinia in Italy. In the Roman period, traditional horse races gradually turned into a festival. The horse races symbolize the conquest of Constantine of Algeria.
Festival del Maggio Musicale Fiorentino (March-June and September-December)
Florence is not only the center of Italy’s Renaissance but also the place where traditional western classical music begins. The festival is proof of it.
Festa Della Madonna Bruna (April)
On this day, the Italian men express their love by presenting the red rose to the woman of their life.
Maria Santissima Della Bruna (June)
At the festival, there is a great Virgin Mary statue with a child next to it, and the streets are wandering with a majestic crowd behind it. The crowd takes three laps in front of the Piazza del Duomo monument, then leaves the statue of Virgin Mary to the cathedral.
Festino di Santa Rosalia (July)
The people of Palermo celebrate the 13th and 14th of July as a Thanksgiving day to Santa Rosali. Furthermore, in those days Palermo is full of light that it almost looks like a jewel.
Venice International Film Festival (August or September)
The Venice International Film Festival, the oldest international film festival in the world, is also a symbol reflecting the contemporary art forms of Italy. The festival, which has been held since 1932 and started in late August or early September, is held in Libo Island, Venice. It is the world’s most prestigious film festival after Cannes and Berlin.