Colors and the Meaning of the Finland Flag
Flag of Finland is on a white background. There is a blue cross extending to the corners of the flag. As in the Danish flag, the horizontal part of the cross is upward. The blue color represents the famous lakes of Finland, while the white ground represents the snow-covered land that comes to mind in Finland.
Finland Flag Map
History of the Finland Flag
Before independence in 1917, Finland was part of Sweden until 1809, when it became part of the Russian Empire. The flags of these two countries were also used as the official Finnish flag, and while the Duchy of Autonomous Kingdom was under Russian sovereignty, it had its own lion’s coat of arms, but the country did not have an official flag. However, the Lion Coat was used as the informal Finnish Flag.
In 1848, a spring festival near Helsinki was held. As part of the celebrations, the Student Union of the University of Helsinki exhibited the flag depicting the Finnish coat of arms on a white area. Zachris Topelius and countless important people, especially writers and historians inspired by the event, suggested that Finland should have its own national flag. The discussion started on it and there were several offers for a Finnish flag over the next decades.
The debate continued throughout the 1850s and 1860s, and blue and whites were supported as Finnish national colors. Finland declared independence on 6 December 1917. On the same day, it was celebrated by waving the red and yellow flag from the Government Palace.
In the spring of 1918, the Finnish parliament discussed the flag issue and approved the proposal of the constitutional committee for a new national symbol on 28 May. Although it has been slightly modified by some of the provisions since then, the design itself continues unchanged with the blue cross on a white field.
Neighboring Countries of Finland
Finland, a Northern European country on the Baltic Sea coast in northern Europe, is neighbor to Russia in the east, Norway in the north and Sweden in the west.
Main Characteristics of Finland
Finland is one of the least populous countries in Europe. It is among the countries with the least population density and highest living standards in the world. Finland is a country that is very famous in the field of education.
In the country with the best education system in the world, education is given to everyone free of charge. Universities are divided into standard and polytechnic. Standard universities focus on theoretical courses, while polytechnic universities focus on practical courses. In addition to the course, they follow a program to develop children on many subjects. Short hours are also preferred.
Finland is a country in Central Asia and Siberia. Later, Nordic countries became one of the economic and political unity of Northern European countries. A large part of the country consists of lowlands and mountainous regions are rare.
They have adopted the semi-presidential system as management. More than 90 percent of the country is Fin. The Lapan in the north and the Swedes in the southern part of the country live intensively.
Finland is the birthplace of the famous phone brand Nokia. Even there is a town called Nokia in Finland. However, in 2013, Microsoft acquired Nokia’s rights.
|Highest Point||Halti (1,328 m)|
|Total Area||338,145 km2|