Finland / Maps, Geography, Facts

Finland is a fascinating country with its magnificent forests and lakes that complement a lush landscape. Finland is a country in Central Asia and Siberia. Later, it became one of the Nordic countries, which became the economic and political union formed by the countries of Northern Europe. A large part of the country consists of lowlands and mountainous regions are rare. Official languages are Finnish and Swedish. The majority of the population speaks Finnish.

Its neighbors are Russia to the east, Norway to the northwest, Sweden to the west.

Where is Finland

Geography

Lots of lakes (about 60,000) occupy almost a tenth of the country. The total area of the lakes is approximately 33,522 square kilometers. Especially in the south, connected to each other, a system of lakes suitable for ship transportation has come to fruition. Salman and Paijanne are the largest lakes in the country. The rivers are not smooth flowing. The biggest waterfall is Imatra.

Governance

The government consists of the Prime Minister and 19 other ministers. The Ministers have comprehensive and independent authority to administer their Ministries and their subsidiaries.

There are 6 provinces, 446 municipalities or local government administratively. Local authorities need to provide welfare services according to the law. The main sources of income are municipal taxes.

In local governments, the highest decision-making authority is the Municipal Council elected by direct representation. This Assembly appoints legal and voluntary committees to perform administrative duties. Representations of women in these organizations are guaranteed by law. Tens of thousands of citizens in the country are involved in local government work.

Climate

The share of the southwest winds is great. The snow lasts for five months in the south, and seven months in Lapland in the north. The summer is the rainy season, the weather is airy. Average annual precipitation decreases in the north. Annual precipitation is 600-650 millimeters on the coast of the Gulf of Finland, 500 millimeters in the Lakes Region and 450 millimeters in Lapland. The average temperature in July in Helsinki is 16 degrees and the average temperature in February is 6 degrees.

 

Religion

91.6% of the population is dependent on the Protestant sect of Christianity, and on different denominations. The majority of the remaining religious minorities are at the Greek Orthodox square. There is a very small amount of Jews.

Industry and Tourism

After World War II, Finland, the vast majority of its population has become a semi-industrialized country dealing with agriculture and forestry.

Agriculture: Only 9% of the total surface area is arable. The efficiency is high due to the machinery in agriculture. Wheat, barley, oats, potatoes, and rye are the main agricultural products.

Livestock: Cattle, pigs, poultry, as well as traditionally grown for meat and milk. About one-fourth of the annual fish production is provided by lakes and rivers. The second job of many farmers in Finland is fur farming. The number of country mink and fox farms is 6,000. Following this development, the European fur stock market moved from Copenhagen to Helsinki.

Natural Resources: One of the great wealth resources of the country is the forests covering 67% of the surface area. Mining production; 2,400 tons of lead per year, 105,000 tons of nickel, 55,000 tons of zinc, 650 thousand tons of iron filigree. 65% of energy needs are met through foreign purchase. The share of hydroelectricity is 27% in the production of electricity, which is 51 billion kilowatt-hours per year, and 45% of the nuclear energy.

Finland is a sauna country. The country-wide saunas and the magnificent structure of Helsinki attract many tourists to the country.

Art

The best way to get information about an individual's culture is to live in that country and be a part of it. From this point of view, Finland offers you some of the finest examples of the world, especially in the field of art and design, and the country's culture gives you a closer understanding. Today Finland is a country that fascinates the countries of literature, visual arts, architecture, music, cinema and technology, and allows you to step into a colorful world with countless events and festivals.

Fin's are especially eye-catching with their creative designs in fashion, furniture, ceramics, and architecture. Fin architect and designer Alvar Aalto, who stamped on 1950's years, is the most important name of the country. The most important works of the architect who has many prizes include Viipuri Library, Paimio Sanatorium, Villa Mairea. Finland, known for its underground rock church Temppeliaukio, designed by the architects Suomalainen brothers and who has received great interest since 1969, is also home to many architectural pieces.

Sports

There is a lot of sport in Finland, and hobbies about it can help meet new people and make friends. In Finland, 70 percent of the sports places belong to the municipalities. The sports venues of the municipalities are open to anyone who lives there.

Population:  5,552,840

Population Density: 18 per Km2

Land Area: 303,890 Km ²

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