The first blood transfusion to a human being was carried out on June 12, 1667, by Professor Jean-Baptiste Denys, Professor of Philosophy and Mathematics at the University of Montpellier and the special doctor of Louis 14.
That day, a 15-year-old patient was brought to Professor Denys. The boy had a very high fever, and according to the methods of that day, he was bled 20 times to reduce the fever. To compensate for the loss of blood, Professor Denys gave his patient 250 grams of blood taken from a lamb. This was a very dangerous experiment, according to the scientific environment of that day. However, according to Professor Denys’ notes, the patient responded “smiling” to this dangerous experiment and soon recovered. However, this positive start did not give the same pleasing result in subsequent trials.
Professor Denys, who was successful in his first attempt, transferred many of his patients a cam from animals. But almost all of these patients died soon. The experiment was banned first in France and then in other countries.
First Blood Transfusion From Human to Human
Thomas Blundell, a 28-year-old doctor of his time, was the first to think and succeed in transferring blood from one person to another. In September 1818, at the Guy’s Hospital in London, this young scientist transferred a fresh syringe of his own invention through a thin syringe to a dying patient. However, aside from a number of scientific problems with blood transfusions, the patient was already on the verge of death, and the trial naturally failed. However, 10 years later, Doctor Blundell managed to keep another person alive with the fresh blood he received from healthy people and pioneered his future colleagues by breaking new ground in medical science.
The First Human to Survive by Blood Transfusion
A blood transfusion was first witnessed in London in 1825 to the rescue of a patient’s life. Dr. Doubleday transferred 750 grams of fresh blood from other people to a female patient who suffered severe internal bleeding and saved her. After the first 200 grams of blood was given, the patient straightened up in bed and said, “I feel as strong as a bull.” At the same time, the pulse had dropped from 140 to 104.
There were still two major obstacles to be overcome, despite this first attempt to prove successful blood transfusion if it was well controlled. For the first time in 1900, the Viennese doctor Karl Landsteiner determined the blood types. Thus, doctors have learned which people can give blood to whom. In order for this information to be practiced practically, years had to pass. In 1907, the Norwegian Doctor Jansky, for the first time, fully separated blood groups in the known sense. The following year, New York City Doctor Reuben Ottenberg showed how the blood group should be determined and how it can be done before transferring blood from one person to another.
Another problem to overcome was coagulation. Because of this problem, some patients who had previously been given blood from animals had been very unlucky and could not be given any more due to clotting after they had taken some blood. This problem was solved by a chemical called sodium citrate, and the blood could be stored in the vial with the aid of this substance for administration to patients. The inventor of this method is Belgian Surgeon A. Hustin. Dr. On March 27, 1914, Hustin was able to transfer blood from a bottle to a patient at the Saint-Jean Hospital in Brussels.
Although this chemical prevented clotting, the solution was limited to only a few hours. This problem was overcome by the American Doctor Oswald Robertson, who worked for Canadian soldiers on the Western Front in 1917.
The First People Giving Blood
The first people to give blood voluntarily were four people in England who said “yes” to the call of Doctor P. L. Olivier in England. These four people from the British Red Cross in London gave their blood at King’s College Hospital. After that, a schedule was kept for volunteers in London who wanted to give blood. This chart helped greatly in meeting the blood demand from any hospital in later years. In 1924, there were only 26 requests for blood from hospitals in London. A year later, this call, 5 thousand 333’e reached.
First Blood Bank
The first blood bank, literally known today, was founded in 1931 at the Moscow Emergency Hospital by Professor Sergey Yudin. The term Kan Blood Bank dey was used by Bernard Fantus, who founded the Blood Center of the Cook County Hospital in Chicago in 1937, and later the word was established worldwide.