With its blue, white, red striped flag, France, which has declared itself as the principle of the country of freedom, equality, and brotherhood, has a top spot in world culture, civilization, and political history. The city of lovers Paris is one of the world's number one honeymoon destinations and one of the most important tourist destinations. France has become an important actor in the most turbulent political events of Europe.
It is surrounded by Western Europe, Luxembourg, Belgium, and the March Sea in the north, the Atlantic Ocean and the Bay of Biscay in the west, Spain and the Mediterranean in the south, Italy, Switzerland, and Germany in the east.
France has two coastlines, one in the North Atlantic Ocean and the other in the Mediterranean Sea. The total coast length is 3,427 kilometers. Two-thirds of France's interior consists of plains and small hills. The country with two large basins, the Paris Basin connected to the Seine River in the northwest and the Aquitaine Basin connected to the Garonne, has rural areas with high peaks. These hills extend to the Pyrenees Mountains, which form a natural border between France and Spain in the south. The mountains between Spain and France can be up to three thousand meters high.
Mont Blanc in the Alps has the highest mountain title of France with a height of 4,807 meters. Mont Blanc is also the highest peak in Italy. The longest rivers in the country are Loire, Seine, Garonne, and Rhone. The Rhone River forms a 160-kilometer border with Germany in the east. The Seine and Garonne rivers are the two main rivers that the country uses for transportation.
The French Republic is a unitary state with a long history of democracy, governed by a semi-presidential system. The Constitution of contemporary France, the Fifth Republic of France, was endorsed by a popular vote carried out on 28 September 1958. This constitution contains legislation that increases the authority of the president of the state in comparison to the parliament. In France, there are two parts of the state administration: the President of France and the Government. The president of the country is elected for five years (formerly seven years) by all voters who have completed the age of 18 nationwide and have the right to vote. The government is headed by a prime minister appointed by the president.
The climate of France varies according to the regions, the ocean and the Mediterranean climate are the most active climates. The oceanic climate is generally observed in parts of Brittany and Normandy, and also in the northern and western parts. In the ocean climate, there are rainy seasons all the while the winters are quite cool in warm weather. Winter is snowy and summers are warm and rainy in the inner parts of the country.
France is a secular country in which the freedom of belief is constitutionally guaranteed. According to the results of a survey carried out in January 2007, 51% of the French have associated themselves with Catholic sect, 31% are agnostic or atheist, 10% believe in other religions, 4% belong to Islamic belief, 3% from the Protestant sect, 1% Jewish, and 1% Buddhist.
Industry and Tourism
France is one of the economically strong countries of Europe. France ranks first in the European Economic Community with the abundance and diversity of agricultural products and fourth in terms of dairy products. At the same time, the industry is very strong. The industry meets more than 80% of the country's income and trade income. Since the early 1990s, the state has begun to dismiss other industrial interests such as France Telecom, French Airlines, and banks. High unemployment is still a problem for France.
Thanks to its historical and natural beauties, it is very developed in terms of tourism. Eiffel Tower has become the symbol of the country and visited by millions of tourists every year. Notre Dame Cathedral in Paris is a must see place. The Mona Lisa of Leonardo Da Vinci is also in the Louvre Museum, the most important museum in the country.
The culture of the country is shaped by the waves of migration from the past, international relations and geographical location. Paris, the capital of the country, is in the first place in terms of culture and art. Paris is the foremost center of both the world and Europe. From France, he has produced many fashion designers, artists, and writers. These changes made it possible for the country to appear in different traditions day by day.
There have been many contributions to the literary genres in the country on fiction, drama and lyric poetry. French literature has also contributed to the study of the authors of many countries and has become an example. From 1600 years onwards, it has contributed to the work of authors such as France Realism and Symbolism, allowing them to be influenced by surrealism and existentialism.
In France, the sport is at the center of attention. Especially football is the most preferred spore in the country. On the player's list of the FIFA century, France is the second country. The country has developed almost all kinds of sports except this sport. For example, rugby has popularity close to football, especially in the south of Paris and France. The national rugby team has participated in every Rugby World Cup and participates in the Six Nations Championships. The French national team won sixteen Nations Championships and reached the finals once in the Rugby World Cup.
Tour de France, one of the most important bicycle races in the world, is one of the most watched sports events in the country.
Population Density: 120 per Km2
Land Area: 554,557 Km ²