Colors and the Meaning of the Germany Flag
Flag of Germany is the flag of the Federal Republic of Germany. It consists of 3 equal parts, black, red and golden. While the black color represents the unity, the red color represents the rights, yellow color freedom.
The history of the colors that make up the flag dates back to the foundation of the voluntary Freikorps unity, which consisted mainly of university students, under the leadership of Lützow, in the course of the war against Napoleon in 1813 due to the problems of Prussia in terms of money and soldiers. Because of the lack of money, the military uniforms of various colors are painted black from top to bottom, the red piece of cloth under the yellow buttons is considered the history of the colors that form the flag of Germany today. With the decision taken on June 7, 1950, the meaning of the colors was determined as Unity, Rights, and Freedom and became the official flag of the state by being legalized in 3: 5 dimension.
History of the Germany Flag
The three-colored flag history of the Germans began in 1512, and the story of the German flag began in this way. In the previous times, the empire used 2 colors and the golden eagle (as a Black eagle symbol). Approximately in the 14th century, the flag was red colored. The eagle’s beak and claws were made in red. In the 15th century, the two-headed eagle was introduced to symbolize the power and power of the Germans against the French.
To sort the colors of the flag; black color at the top, white in the middle and red at the bottom are horizontal. In 1918, the First World War ended in Germany’s defeat and the collapse of the empire. Due to internal problems in the country, in August 1919 it ended up with the declaration of the Weimar Republic. In the Weimar period, they used the flag of Germany in gold again.
In 1933, when the Nazi workers’ party came to power in Germany, Adolf Hitler formed a Nazi flag in line with his own period and his new policy in proportion to his term. Later, Hitler reused the colors of the German Empire, which was black and white and red. This flag model included a black circle on the red ground and a pilgrimage with a black swastika in the middle. When Hitler took over, he chose to use the Nazi flag instead of using the official flag of the German state. Because Hitler thought that the flag used was a flag that reminded the Germans who defeated in the 1st World War and that this was embarrassing.
After Nazi Germany
In the early months of 1945, the British, Canadians, Americans, and French occupied the Rhine and invaded Western and Southern Germany. The Soviet army entered Berlin through Poland, Hungary, and Czechoslovakia. Berlin fell after a fierce battle between April 16 and May 2, 1945. Meanwhile, Adolf Hitler committed suicide. A few days later, on May 8, 1945, the German army in France surrendered to General Dwight Eisenhower. From 1945 to 1949, they used the occupation flag.
East Germany and West Germany
West Germany was a state in the United States, the United Kingdom, and the French-controlled region after World War II. West Germany started to use today’s flag of Germany. After World War II, Eastern Germany was the state in the Soviet-controlled region. In East Germany, they used today’s Flag of Germany with rigging. After the unification of Germany, Germany began to use the modern flag.
Neighboring Countries of Germany
The northern neighbor of Germany, spreading to Western and Central Europe, is Denmark and its eastern neighbors are Poland and the Czech Republic. In its southeast, Austria is located, while in its southwest it is Switzerland. There are France, Luxembourg and Belgium in the west. In the northwest, the Netherlands is located. It has the North Sea and the Baltic Sea coast.
Main Characteristics of Germany
The Federal Republic of Germany, officially Germany, is governed by a federal parliamentary system. The country consists of 16 states and spans over 357 thousand 21 square kilometers. Berlin is the capital of Germany, home to major cities such as Hamburg, Munich, Cologne, Frankfurt and Stuttgart. Germany, which has the biggest economy of the European Union, has the world’s fourth-largest economy after America, China and Japan.
In Germany, the third most immigrant country after the United States and Russia, 81.5 million people live. 87.5% of the population consists of Germans, 6.5% of Turks and the remaining 6% of people from other nations. The official language of the country is German. Furthermore, English, Turkish, Polish, Balkan languages and Russian are also frequently spoken.
|Highest point||Zugspitze (2,962 m)|
|Total area||357,022 km2|