Colors and the Meaning of the Ghana Flag
Ghana flag consists of three horizontal bands. These strips, which divide the flag into three equal parts, consist of red, golden yellow and green colors.
The green color symbolizes the forests and vegetation; the golden color symbolizes the underground mineral wealth of the country, and the red color symbolizes the nation that works for the independence of the country. The black-colored five-pointed star in the middle of the horizontal golden band and thus in the center of the flag, with the corners of the star touching both the red and the green, represents the unity of Africa and the unity against the colonial system.
History of the Ghana Flag
The first flag in the region was the flag of the Ashanti Empire. This flag consists of three yellow-black-green horizontal strips and thin white stripes. The Ashanti Empire-controlled Ghana region has been renamed Gold Coast.
In 1482, they set up a colony on the Gold Coast. In 1637 the region remained under Portuguese control until it was transferred to the Netherlands. The Portuguese flag was used during this period. In 1598, the Dutch established a colony led by the Dutch West India Company. Dutch West India Company flag was the red-white-blue horizontal three-lane flag. By 1872, the British took over the Dutch Gold Coast.
In 1650 Sweden set up a colony in the Gold Coast, which lasted until 1663, and then controlled Denmark. The Swedish flag fluttered at the Swedish Gold Coast at this point.
The Germans had a colony on the Gold Coast between 1682 and 1821. The Volta region was part of the German protectorate of Togoland from 1884 to 1914. The flag was composed of three black and white-red horizontal stripes. In the middle of the white strip were the Germans colony Coat of Arms. In 1658 there was a Danish Gold Coast, which was sold to England in 1850.
Gold Coast to Ghana
When the Gold Coast was granted independence from England in 1957, the name was changed to Ghana and the flag was adopted as a red-yellow-green three-lane flag with a black five-pointed star. In 1959, Ghana Guinea and Mali merged to form the Union of African States. For this reason, two black stars were added to the flag. When Ghana left the union in 1963, the number of black stars in the flag was reduced back to one and the middle strip was changed from yellow to white. In 1966, the white stripe was changed back to yellow.
Since 1966, the flag has fluctuated in the territory of Ghana and has reached the present day.
Neighboring Countries of Ghana
Main Characteristics of Ghana
The Republic of Ghana is a country of import and export partnership with many countries due to its rich mineral deposits. Bosumtvi Lake, which is thought to have a history of a million years and is thought to be the result of meteor falls, is one of the most visited places by tourists. The capital of the country is Akra, one of the most developed cities in terms of culture and trade.
There are many ethnic groups within the country. The Akans that make up a large part of the population are among the most important of these groups. The official language is English. However, apart from the official language, 79 different languages are spoken. The official currency is Cedi.
Tropical climate prevails. South of the country is more humid and rainy due to the Atlantic Ocean and the north is drier with the influence of the Sahara Desert. The most popular dish is Fufu. Wheat, sweet potatoes and rice are very consumed foods in the northern regions.
|Currency||ghanaian cedi (GHS)|
|Highest Point||Mount Afadjato (880 m)|
|Total Area||238,533 km2|