The Republic of Ghana is a country of import and export partnerships with many countries due to its rich mineral deposits. Bosumtvi Lake, which is said to have a history of a million years and is thought to be the result of meteor falls, is one of the most visited places by tourists. The capital of the country is Akra, one of the most developed cities in terms of culture and trade.
Ghana has a coastline of 530 kilometers in the east-west direction of the Gulf of Guinea. The country is roughly rectangular in shape. There are mainly two plateaus in the country. One of these is the Togo-Akwapim Hills, extending in the northeast-southwest direction. The maximum height is 900 meters. The second one is the Ashanti-Kwhau hills, in the northwest-southeast direction. The maximum height is 600 m.
In Ghana, which gained its independence in 1957 and declared the Republic in 1960, political stability could not be provided. The Third Republic, founded in 1979, was overthrown by a military coup. Today, the administration is in the hands of the head of the National Defense Council, J. Rawlings.
A tropical climate prevails. The southern part of the country is more wet and rainy due to the Atlantic Ocean and the north is less dry and rainy due to the influence of the Sahara Desert.
Christians constitute 63%, Muslim 16%, and 21% of primitive religions.
Industry and Tourism
Ghana is the world's largest cocoa producer. Annual production is close to three million tons. Therefore, the decline in the prices of cocoa has at times caused critical political consequences. In addition, there are the leather industry, jewelry processing, clothing industry, smithery and potting, furniture and plywood mills, soap, sack, tire factories, and oil refinery. Vegetable and fish preservation, kayak material making industry, timber production, clothes, soft drinks, biscuits, cigarettes, matches, furniture and briquette industry are the main industrial branches.
Especially in recent years, tourism has gained great importance for Ghana. As a result of the positive developments, the government of Ghana published a 15-year tourism development plan called the Integrated National Tourism Development Plan in 1996. In line with this plan, it is aimed to gradually increase the number of tourists visiting Ghana to one million by 2020. The coastal strips, natural habitats, wild animals throughout the country, the fortresses and bases in the coastal part of the Europeans constitute the touristic areas.
Numerous ethnic groups and communities in the country are also present in the cultural field. In addition to the Ghanaian communities in the country, there are 6,000 European and Asian Chinese people living together with neighboring citizens. Europeans and Asians live in coastal cities, particularly in Accra, and live their culture. Thanks to this diversity, many different branches of art are performed in Ghana.
Population Density: 132 per Km2
Land Area: 227,540 Km2