Guinea-Bissau / Maps, Geography, Facts

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Guinea-Bissau or the Republic of Guinea-Bissau is a country in the western part of the African continent. Senegal and Guinea are the border neighbors of the country and the Atlantic Ocean is located in the west of the country. The country’s capital is Bissau.

Where is Guinea-Bissau?


The country has an area of 36,155 square kilometers including 28,120 km² of green area and 8,005 km² of water area. In terms of Africa, Guinea-Bissau is one of the smallest countries of the continent. While the plains are seen in the inner parts of the country, these areas are combined with the swamp areas due to the erosion towards the coastal areas.

The highest mountain in the country is Madina do Boé mountain with an altitude of 262 m. The most important rivers in the country are the Río Gêba, the Río Cacheu, and the Río Corubal rivers. The Bissagos Archipelago, which the country owns outside the mainland continent, consists of 88 islands in total.


The country is governed by a presidential system with a constitutional amendment in 1984. In the country where the single-party system worked until 1991, the transition to the multi-party system was carried out from this year.


There is a tropical climate throughout the country. The country has humid and hot weather throughout the year and the average temperature is 24 ° C. Especially between December and April, there is a dry period with the effect of the desert winds and it rains from May to the end of October. During these months, especially in July and August, it increases the intensity and amount of rain.


50% of the country’s population adopts the Islamic faith. 40% of believers in local religions and 10% of people living according to Christian faith.

Industry and Tourism

Guinea-Bissau is one of the poorest countries in the world. Although the country has been growing economically in recent years, according to 2009 data, the country’s GDP is at $ 512. The country’s foreign trade deficit is at very high levels. The export of country resources abroad constitutes a source for the state. All the requirements of industrial products are imported from other countries, mainly Europe. For this reason, the products sold are sold at a higher cost than the neighboring countries. In the country where income distribution is not equal, family members may have difficulty in meeting their daily needs.

Population: 1,937,449

Population Density: 69 per Km2

Land Area: 28,120 Km2