Guinea / Maps, Geography, Facts

Guinea is neighbor with Guinea Bissau and Sierra Leone in the north, Liberia in the south, Mali and Ivory Coast in the east, and the Atlantic Ocean in the west.

Where is Guinea?


As the country moves from the coast to the inner parts of the country, the land rises up to 1,000 m in height. There is also rainforest in the mountainous region called Futa-Djalon. The plateaus located in the southeast of this mountainous region serve as a bridge with the mountainous regions in this part of the country. The regions in the southeastern part of Guinea are the highest points of the country and are located in Nimba Mountain, which is the highest point of the country with 1,752 m. Nimba Mountain and its vicinity have been included in UNESCO’s World Heritage List since 1982. In the eastern part of the Futa-Djalon region and in the northern part of the Nimba region, the plains are located. The Niger River and its branches, one of the important rivers of the African continent, are irrigating these plains.


Guinea is a republic presided over by the presidential system. The country’s president is elected for a five-year term with the amendment of the November 2001 amendment and is elected by the people for a period of seven years with the amendment made on that date. Guinea council has 114 seats in total.


In general, tropical climatic conditions prevail in Guinea. Although some differences can be observed regionally, the dry period and the rainy period are long. In the coastal regions, as well as a hot and humid climate and heavy rainfall is seen, rainfall decreases as it moves to the east of the Futa-Djalon region. Across the country, the Monsoon raining season takes place between April and November, often accompanied by heavy storms and heavy thunder. The rains in question can begin in the rain forest regions in the southern part of the country as of February.

In the July-August period, Guinea has been experiencing the most intense period of monsoon rains, and the period between November and April is drought. Especially during this period, the country is under the influence of winds blowing in the direction of the Sahara Desert.


The religion in Guinea is the religion of Islam. Accordingly, 85% of the population lives according to the belief in Islam. A large part of the Islamic community lives according to the Sunni sect of Islam. Christian religion is the second most common religion in the country and 8% of the population lives according to Christian faith. These two religions exist in a small community of around 7% who believe in local religions

Industry and Tourism

Guinea’s economy is based on agriculture and mining. Most of the working population is employed in the agricultural sector. The main export products are bauxite, aluminum, gold, diamond, coffee, fish and agricultural products. Russia is the largest export partner. Petroleum products, metals, machinery, vehicle equipment, textiles, cereals, other foodstuffs are the main products they import. The biggest import partner is China and the USA.


Music and dance, which are performed in local languages and especially encouraged during Sekou Touré management, have an important place in Guinea culture. Ballet Africain and Ballet Djoliba are the most important dance groups of the country.


The country’s most popular sport is football. Although the national team of Guinea football has not shown any success in the international arena, it has a great interest throughout the country. The biggest success of the Guinea national football team, called Le Sylli National, was second in the African Nations Cup held in Ethiopia in 1976.

The country football is managed by the Guinea Football Federation (Fédération Guinéenne de Football), founded in 1960. In December 2006, the Guinea national football team achieved the biggest success in the FIFA rankings and achieved 23rd place in the overall ranking.

Population: 13,275,951

Population Density: 55 per Km2

Land Area: 245,720 Km2