Italy is located on the Italian Peninsula in Southern Europe. Northwest is France, north is Switzerland and Austria. The Alps form a natural border in the north.
Sicily and Sardinia, the two largest islands of the Mediterranean, belong to Italy. The Renaissance was born in the province of Tuscany in Italy. The capital, Rome, has been the center of Western civilization for centuries, witnessing the birth of Baroque style in architecture and has been the center of the Catholic Church for centuries. It is a republic ruled by democracy and it is in between the developed countries of the world.
The country is based on the land between the peninsula and the Alps, in the form of a long, bohemian peninsula that protrudes from the mainland to the Mediterranean in Southern Europe. The country owns many large and small islands in the Mediterranean, including Sicily and Sardinia. The total area is 301,230 kilometers square. Of these, 294.020 island and 7.210 is water. The Messina Passage separates the Italian Peninsula and the Sicilian Island from each other.
It has a coastline of 7,600 km length in total with Adriatic, Ion, and Tire seas, including the islands. It has a land border of 740 with Switzerland, 488 with France, 430 with Austria, 232 with Slovenia, 39 with San Marino and 3,2 kilometers with the Vatican. Moreover, the Vatican and San Marino, which are known as the micro-states, are all located within Italy and the only neighbor is Italy.
Italy, as a government, is a parliamentary republic, divided into 20 regions, 107 provinces and 8100 municipalities. The president is the head of the state, elected by the parliament and serves for seven years. The national legislative authority was given to the parliament, consisting of two assemblies (Representatives and the Senate), which were elected by the general election every five years. See also; the Regions of Italy.
The executive authority is held by the President of the Assembly (elected by the parliament and appointed by the president), a vice-chairperson and a 23-member Government: the executive is carried out by the Council of Ministers, headed by the chairman of the same board. Furthermore, the highest decision-making unit in the judiciary is the Court of Cassation. The Constitutional Court expresses its views on any dispute between the law and the Republic of Italy. In the international context, Italy is a founding member of the European Union, NATO, and the EEC. It is also a member of G-8.
The climate characteristics of the country vary according to the regions. In general, the country has a Mediterranean climate. Especially during the winter months, high places are cold, rainy and often snowy.
The Catholic sect of Christianity is the most important religious belief. In the past, the Catholic Church was the official religion, but nowadays it has developed a secular state structure.
Industry and Tourism
The country is famous for fashion, brand and car production. Fiat, Ferrari, Alfa Romeo, and Lamborghini are Italy's world famous car brands. Dolce & Gabbana, Versace, Valentino, Armani, Robert Cavalli, Benetton, and Prada are the most famous fashion-textile brands. Furthermore, with its architecture, delicious cuisine, natural and historical places, it is a fascinating country. The tower of Pisa in the city of Pisa, which draws attention due to its inclination, has spread to the world.
The country is extremely rich in cultural heritage items, as it has hosted the world's deepest nations like the Roman Empire and has the most important center of Christianity in the Vatican. Italian painters have given important products in every art movement in the country, from Roman and Gothic to Senate, Renaissance and Baroque style. Famous Italian painters; Michelangelo, Leonardo da Vinci, Donatello, Botticelli, Fra Angelico, Tintoretto, Caravaggio, Bernini, Titian, and Raphael.
From Italian folk music to European classical music, music has always played an important role in Italian culture. At the same time, Italy is the place where classical music such as piano and violin comes out. Maurizio Pollini and Luciano Pavarotti are some of the achievements and sovereignty of Italy's classical music scene. Pop music artists Mina Anna Mazzini, Andrea Bocelli, Laura Pausini, and Eros Ramazzotti are some of Italy's most recent internationally successful artists.
The most popular sports is football in Italy. Moreover, the most popular sports after football are; basketball, volleyball, water polo, fencing, rugby, cycling and motor racing, and ice hockey.
Population Density: 201 per Km2
Land Area: 294,140 Km ²