Colors and the Meaning of the Kazakhstan Flag
The flag is rectangular and blue. There is a sun in the middle of the flag and a flying eagle under the sun. On the left side, the golden ribbon symbolizes the old Golden Army state and the culture that is specific to Kazakhstan. Sun, dawn, eagle, and pattern are yellow.
The sky-blue color of the flag symbolizes Kazakhstan to be one of the seven independent Turkish states, the peaceful sky and the unity and peace in Kazakhstan. The cloudless sky is always regarded as a symbol of goodness, and peace in all countries.
The blue color is sacred to the Turks. The blue color in the state flag indicates that Kazakhstan is a newly established and developing state. The golden sun is a sign of movement, development, life and peace. The winged steppe eagle describes freedom and independence. The “ram’s horn” embroidery on the left side of the flag symbolizes the Kazakh culture. The steppe eagle as a symbol shows the power of the state. For the people living in the steppe, the steppe eagle is the symbol of freedom, sovereignty and the struggle for future development.
History of the Kazakhstan Flag
The official flag of Kazakhstan was adopted on 4 May 1992.
The Kazakh Khanate is a Turkish khanate founded by Canibeg and Kerey from the Toka Temur dynasty, one of the sons of Genghis Khan, after the collapse of the Golden Horde, on the banks of the Cetisu River in southeastern Kazakhstan. This khanate was using the blue flag, the color of Turkishness. There were three stars on the left on the blue ground.
In 1917, the Kazakhs declared their independence and in 1920 they were forced to ruled by the USSR. Kazakhstan began to use the flag of the Soviet Socialist Republic. The flag used between 1937 and 1940 included the famous Hammer and sickle sign of the Soviet Union, and the sign of the Soviet Socialist Republic of Kazakhstan.
Between 1940-1953 the symbol of hammer and sickle was enlarged and the letter in the flag was taken to the top of the left side of the flag. Finally, in 1953-1991, the emblem in the Flag reduced again, the post was removed and the flag on the bottom of the flag was added to the blue strip. At the same time, a star has been added to the symbol of communism on the hammer and sickle symbol. Kazakhstan, which gained independence from the Soviets in 1991, has been using the current flag since.
Neighboring Countries of Kazakhstan
Kazakhstan has five neighbors. It is located in Russia in the north, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan and Kyrgyzstan in the south and China in the east. The country also has a coast to the Caspian Sea and the Aral Sea.
Main Characteristics of Kazakhstan
Kazakhstan, one of Central Asia‘s independent Turkish states, is the ninth largest country in the world. The country has a surface area of 2.7 million square kilometers and is the largest of all Turkish and Muslim countries. In terms of natural resources, it is also the richest country in this group.
Kazakhstan, whose capital is Astana, is divided into 5 provinces and 14 provinces. These regions are Central Kazakhstan, North Kazakhstan, South Kazakhstan, East Kazakhstan, and Western Kazakhstan.
Kazakhstan is rich in oil, uranium, iron and gold reserves. 26 percent of the world’s chromium, 20 percent of gold and 17 percent of uranium are located in Kazakhstan reserves. The country’s main source of income is based on the export of underground resources.
|Currency||kazakhstani tenge (KZT)|
|Highest Point||Khan Tangiri Shyngy (Pik Khan-Tengri) (7,010 m)|
|Total Area||2,724,900 km2|