Kosovo, located in the southeast of Europe and in the very center of the Balkans, declared its independence in 2008 following the war with Serbia. The country has borders with Serbia, Montenegro, the Republic of Macedonia and Albania.
As the geographical position of Kosovo, in the south of the European continent, is located in the northwest of the Balkan peninsula and acts as a bridge between the West European countries and Turkey. Its neighbors are Serbia-Montenegro, Macedonia, and Albania. Basins cover 36.5% of Kosovo. These basins are covered by the river valleys of Lab, Kriva, Reka, Ibar, and Marova. Mountainous terrain constitutes 37% of the surface. The average height above sea level in the inner parts of Kosovo is around 500inde600 m.
The biggest rivers of Kosovo are Ibar, Drina, Lepenci, Sitnitza, and Binca Morava. The Drina is poured into the Adriatic Sea, Ibar, and Binca Morava into the Black Sea and Lepenci to the Aegean Sea. Forests are oak, beech, conifer and chestnut trees. Besides water resources, Kosovo has rich mines.
The Republic of Kosovo is governed by parliamentary representative democracy. The executive is provided by the Kosovo government, led by the prime minister of Kosovo. In Kosovo, Albanians and Serbs have more than one party in the political arena. The Turks are represented by two (as of 2010), and the Gorani with one party, on the political scene.
Having a humid terrestrial climate, Kosovo has a Mediterranean climate as well as ocean climate effects. Northeast of the country is more affected by the continental climate winters are snowy and cold. The summers are quite warm. While the average annual temperature is around 9.5 in winter, it is around 19.2 in summer. In the country where the coldest month is January, temperatures fall below 0.
Muslims constitute the majority of Kosovo’s population. Approximately 95 per cent of the country’s population consists of Muslims. Sufism and Bektashism are quite common in an official non-religious country. In addition, about 4 percent of the rest of the population is Christians. Much of this is connected to the Serbian Orthodox Church. The Christian Catholic Church is also present in the country.
Industry and Tourism
Kosovo is the country with the highest unemployment in Europe. In the country where the unemployment rate is approximately 40 percent, the country has opened itself to European and American investors to overcome this problem. Although there has been a steady growth in the last decade, there are fundamental problems in Kosovo such as infrastructure shortages, sustainability problems of energy resources. Operating in sectors such as metalworking, leather, and woodworking, and simple machine production, the country became a member of the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and the World Bank in 2009.
Handicrafts are very common in Kosovo. In the country where wire processing is done a lot, you will find very special alternatives made of silver, copper and brass. Popular gifts from Kosovo include wood carvings and musical instruments. Also embroidery and knitting works are among the local products of the country.
Population Density: 159 per Km2
Land Area: 10,908 Km ²