Latvia / Maps, Geography, Facts

Flag Capital Tourism&Travel Provinces

The borders of Latvia, which is one of the three countries of the Baltic region in northern Europe, were drawn with Estonia in the north, with Lithuania in the south, with the Russian Federation and Belarus in the east. At the same time, there is a sea border with Sweden.

Where is Latvia?


Most of Latvia consists of undulating plains. The shores of the Baltic and the Gulf of Riga are quite smooth. The most important stream is the River Dvina. Other streams pour into the Baltic Sea. There are large and small lakes near the Soviet border.


According to the Constitution (Satversme), Latvia is a parliamentary republic in which sovereignty belongs to the people represented by a single-parliamentary parliament (Saeima), which has 100 members elected by four years.


Located in northern Europe, Latvia is located in a cold climate zone and has two seasons; Summer and Winter. In the country with a humid climate, almost 9 months is the winter season and the temperatures fall down to -20. In the summer, temperatures rise to 23 degrees.


The population is mostly Christian. 34.2 percent of the Latvian population defines themselves the Lutheran, 24.1 percent, Roman Catholic, 17.8 percent, Roman Catholics, Russian Orthodox, and the remaining percentage as dependent on other religions.

Industry and Tourism

The private sector dominates the Latvian economy. The strategy of exit from the economic crisis is based on export-based growth since 2010, rather than imports based on external credit. In the country with high unemployment rate, efforts are made to minimize this problem.


The beauty and usefulness of souvenirs reflect the cultural heritage of Latvia. Most of the gift items are amber stones, which are sold all over the country, and there are many products that contain this stone. They make honey, traditional clothes, leather goods, household goods, and local dishes are good gifts to take home.

Population: 1,918,585

Population Density: 31 per Km2

Land Area: 62,200 Km ²