Libya / Maps, Geography, Facts

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Libya; comes from the word of Lebu that the ancient Egyptians used for the Berbers living in the west of the Nile. The capital of the country is Tripoli. The official language is Arabic.

It is located on the Mediterranean coast in North Africa. It is neighbor Egypt to the east, Algeria and Tunisia to the west, Niger and Chad to the south, and Sudan to the southeast.

Where is Libya?


Its surface area reaches 1,759,540 square kilometers. It is Africa’s fourth largest country in terms of land. Almost 95% of these large lands are desert or arid land. A large part of the Great Sahara Desert, approximately 1,300 kilometers long, resembles a sandy sea between the Mediterranean Sea in the north and Ecuadorian Africa in the south, constitutes a large part of the Libyan lands.

The length of the Mediterranean coast between Libya and Tunisia and Egypt is approximately 1,912 km. Libyan lands, which have been rising from the coast, generally have a high plateau appearance, are divided into three major regions; These are Fezzan, Tripoli, and Sirenaik regions.

The Sirenaik region, which has entered into the Mediterranean as an arc, starts to rise from the plain unshredded coasts. The Green Mountain (Cebel-ul-Ahdar), which runs parallel to the coast, is the highest point of the existing plateau and is about 880 m high. This high plateau in the northeast begins to descend towards the Libyan Desert in the south.

Located on the west of Sidra Bay and having an average height of 650 m, the region of Tripoli has large and small oases and is covered with fertile soils. Nafusa Mountain, the highest point of this region, covers the region against the north winds.

The Great Sahara Desert, which constitutes a large part of the Libyan territory and covers almost all of North Africa, is deserted. In the Sahara Desert, the climate is very different.


Libya is a central republic under military control and has been managed since 1969 in the direction of the Green Book, full of “socialism” and “third universal theory” ideas. Libya’s new name was changed to “Libyan Arab People’s Socialist Jamahiriya”. “Great People’s Congress” was established instead of “government and state”.

Accordingly, the first secretary of the five-person Secretariat of the People’s Congress is the President. Gaddafi, like Castro, has pursued a policy favored by Moscow and has tried to establish a new system of ideas. This policy has brought Libya to various rivalries with its neighbors, other African countries and free world countries. Despite the claim to be the Islamic Republic, the state administration has rejected the basic principles of Islamic religion, keeping its relevance to Islam at the level of the only name.


The climate is varied. It is generally under the influence of the desert climate. The summers are quite hot and dry, the winters are warm and low-rainy. The temperature average is 15 degrees in winter and 38 degrees in summer.


The vast majority of the population is Muslims.

Industry and Tourism

The economic balance, which is very bad at the beginning, has returned to normal due to the availability of oil deposits. As of today, although the auxiliary elements of the economy are agricultural and animal husbandry, the main income is oil and petroleum products. A significant increase in oil exports in recent years has introduced Libya to the world and brought it to sixth place in the countries exporting oil.

Because of the recent civil war, tourism is almost at the “no” level. See also, Tourism in Libya, 10 Reasons to Visit Libya.

Population: 6,535,770

Population Density: 4 per Km2

Land Area: 1,759,540 Km2