Lithuania / Maps, Geography, Facts

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Lithuania is a small country that draws attention with its architecture, historical buildings, entertainment life, unspoiled nature, and its people. The largest city and capital of the country is Vilnius. Besides Lithuanian which is the official language, English and Russian are also spoken.

Where is Lithuania?

It is one of three Baltic states located in Northern Europe. In the south, there are Poland, Belarus and Kaliningrad region. Latvia is in the north and Belarus is in the east.


In the Lithuanian territory with a surface area of 65,200 square kilometers, the influence of past glaciers is widespread. Usually, the country is flat. On the coastal plains are sand, and the land structure from the pebble stones. The sand dunes in this area are often covered with pine forests. Streams are poured into the Baltic Sea, bringing meander to the pitch. There are large and small lakes on the border of Belarus.


The country is managed by the Presidential Type Republic.


A temperate climate prevails. The summers are generally cool and rainy.


The most common belief in the whole country is Christianity.

Industry and Tourism

The country’s economy is based on agriculture and industry. Animal husbandry has developed and is based mainly on dairy farming and pork fattening. The main agricultural products are linseed, sugarcane, potatoes and feed plants. The country is divided into four economic zones. In Eastern Lithuania, there is an industrial sector that is metal processing, wood processing, general manufacturing, and light industrial production. In South Lithuania, there is an industry that has come to the forefront of metal processing, manufacturing, and food processing industries. There is also livestock farming and sugar cane farming. Moreover, the hydroelectric power plants that meet the electricity generation of the country are in this region. Northern Lithuania is an agricultural region. Western Lithuanian economy is based on shipbuilding and repair and fish processing.

Tourism is one of the fastest growing sectors in Lithuania. Every year, quite a lot of tourists visit the country. Especially architecture attracts attention. Traveling by hot air balloons in Vilnius and Trakai is quite enjoyable.


Handicrafts such as ceramics, wood carving, and weaving are common.


Basketball is the most popular sport in Lithuania as well as a national sport.

Population: 2,869,679

Population Density: 46 per Km2

Land Area: 62,674 Km ²