Luxembourg / Maps, Geography, Facts

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It is one of the smallest countries in Europe with a very high quality of life. It has been included in the list of World Cultural Heritage by UNESCO. The capital is Luxembourg with the same name as the country. There are three official languages, Luxembourgish, German and French.

It is surrounded by Germany from the east, France from the south, and Belgium from the west and north.

Where is Luxembourg?


There are two separate physical regions in the country. These regions are; In the north, Oesling covers 1/3 of the surface area; Bon Pays or Gutland, south of the Ardennes and forming part of the Lorraine Plateau. The Oeslin is a spring with a height of 400-500 m.


The governance style of the country; parliamentary democracy, together with the constitutional kingdom.


There is a temperate climate. Even in the driest months, there will be precipitation. The least rainfall is in April, the heaviest in December.


It is a secular state, but the state recognizes certain religions officially as compulsory religions. Furthermore, there are Roman Catholicism, Judaism, Greek Orthodoxy, Anglicism, Russian Orthodoxy, Lutheranism, Calvinism, Mennonitism and Islamic beliefs throughout the country.

Industry and Tourism

The main products are potato, rye, wheat, oats, barley, and alfalfa seeds. Livestock farming, especially cattle breeding, is of great importance. White wine grapes are produced in the Moselle Valley vineyard. Iron and steel, especially chemistry, cement, rubber, textiles, food, basic industry branches. Moreover, 90% of the iron and steel production is carried out by Europe’s third-largest steel company, ARBED (Acieries Dudelange Burbach-Eich Steel Alliance).

Tourism contributes significantly to the economy of the country. 10 Reasons to Visit Luxembourg.


At the cultural level, the country offers first-class theater, music, and cinema programs. The Neumünster Abbey, the Philharmonic Hall, the Center for Amplified Music (RockHal) and the sports and Cultural Center in Kirchberg are among the new modern infrastructures for cultural and social activities. Furthermore, it has many high-quality museums such as The National Museum of History and Art, the Luxembourg City Historical Museum, the National Museum of Natural History, and the Museum of Modern Art.


Unlike most countries in Europe, sports does not focus on a specific national sport in the country. The most popular sports throughout the country are football, basketball, handball, gymnastics, cycling, and volleyball.

Population: 594,065

Population Density: 230 per Km2

Land Area: 2,590 Km ²