Moldova, known for its hanging gardens and world-famous wines, is one of the poorest countries in Europe. The capital is Chisinau. The city, which draws attention with its historical structure and architecture, is one of the most visited cities in the country. Moldovan, a dialect of Romanian, is the official language of the country.
It is located in Eastern Europe. The border neighbors are Ukraine and Romania.
The hills south of the Carpathian mountains and the territory divided by the arms of the river Dnyestr dominate the geography of the country. The average altitude does not exceed 150 meters, the highest peak is Mount Balenesti.
Moldova is a democratic republic governed by a parliamentary system. There is a multi-party political structure in the country. Legislative authority belongs to the parliament. The legislation, executive and judiciary are independent.
A temperate and rainy land climate prevails. The winters are warm, the summers are hot.
The Eastern Orthodox population is predominant in the country as a whole. There is a 1.5 percent Jewish belief.
Industry and Tourism
Effective soils, agriculture, and animal husbandry are increasing in importance. There is machine farming all over the farms. In the valleys, hillsides have dense fruit gardens and hazelnut plantations. Sugar beet, wheat, corn, sunflower, potatoes, vegetables, fruit; milk and eggs are the leading agricultural and animal products. In the north, cattle and pigs are grown. Wine, woven and metallurgy are the main industrial activities, especially the food. Phosphorus, lignite, tin, chips are the main underground resources.
Chisinau has one of the most vibrant nightlife in Europe, attracting a lot of tourists every year. Apart from nightlife, the country also attracts tourists with wine tourism and cultural tourism.
In recent years, art branches like video-art, kinetic sculpture, computer graphics, tattooing, and performance have become very popular in Moldova. There are rich types of folk arts. Most are decorative arts. These are arts, such as ceramics, public carpet weaving, traditional costumes, stone and woodwork, leather products, metalworking, public toys.
Moldova's national sport is wrestling. Apart from wrestling, football and rugby are also popular sports.
Population Density: 123 per Km2
Land Area: 32,850 Km ²