Colors and the Meaning of Myanmar(Burma) Flag
On October 21, 2010, a new state flag was adopted instead of the old socialist flag, which has been used as Myanmar flag since 1974. The new flag was introduced along with the implementation of the amendment to the name of the country that was introduced in the 2008 Constitution. Myanmar flag has been changed to yellow, green, red and white five-pointed star in the middle. The three colors on the ribbons symbolize solidarity, peace and tranquility, courage and determination.
History of Myanmar(Burma) Flag
There is no information about the flags of Burma before the British protectorate and it is not known which flags are used. The first known flag on this land was the flag of Mons between 1300 and 1500. This flag was a yellow hinthar in the middle of the flag on a green background.
The known flag after this flag is the flag used by the Konbaung dynasty of the Third Burmese Empire from 1752 to 1885. This flag was a peacock flag in the center of the flag on a white background.
By 1824 Burma became a British colony and a British India state. The new flag had a solid red floor with Union Jack in the upper left corner, and British Raj red ensign, India’s star in the middle of the flag. In 1939, the British Burmese began to use its own flag. It had a blue backdrop and Union Jack in the upper left corner. On the right side of the flag was a yellow circle and a peacock in the circle. In 1941, the flag of British Burma has changed again. This new flag had a blue backdrop, and in the middle of the flag was again painted a peacock in a yellow circle.
When the Japanese Empire took control of Burma during World War II in 1942, the temporary flag was the Japanese flag. The Japan Flag is a flag with a red circle in the center with a white backdrop and is still used by Japan today. On August 1, 1943, the Japanese replaced their military government with a government that they supported and actually ruled, and declared Burma an independent state. The newly formed government designed a new flag and used it for two years. This flag consisted of three horizontal stripes of yellow-green-red and a peacock in a circle in the center. This peacock icon was the same as the Konbaung Dynasty Flag.
Second British Invasion
The British recaptured Burma in 1945 at the end of the Second World War, and brought back the blue flag of the British Burma. Following the assassination of General Aung San and some of the leaders of the independence government, Burma decided to join the Commonwealth of Nations and become an independent Burma Union.
Burma, which gained its independence in 1948, started to use its new flag. This flag had a red background and a rectangular blue background in the upper left corner of the flag. There were five small and one big star in the blue rectangle. The largest star represents the Union, while the other five stars represent the five states of Burma. In 1974 Burma became a socialist republic. The stars in the blue part of the flag have changed. The new flag contained a corncob in the center of the blue rectangle and fourteen white stars surrounding it. When the country name was changed to Myanmar Union in 1988, the flag remained the same.
In 2006, a green-yellow-red horizontal three-lane flag with a five-pointed white star in the upper left corner was proposed. When the year 2007 was inspired by the 2006 flag, a flag consisting of yellow-green-red horizontal strips with a big white star was designed in the center. This flag was adopted on 21 October 2010. Since then, this flag has been used unchanged in the territory of Myanmar.
Neighboring Countries of Myanmar(Burma)
It is located in Southeast Asia, on the shores of the Andaman Sea and the Gulf of Bengal, between Bangladesh, the People’s Republic of China, India, Laos, and Thailand.
Main Characteristics of Myanmar(Burma)
Myanmar; It is an Asian country that keeps the traditions of the Far East and encompasses those who go with their unspoiled nature and beaches to the fairy tale life. The capital of the country is Naypyidaw. It is the second-most populous city in terms of population. Apart from the official language, Burmese, there are also ethnic languages spoken by the public. Kyat is used as the currency.
Monsoon climate prevails. Monsoon rains are mostly seen between June and September. The main food of the country cuisine is rice. Dishes are served with vegetables. As the most common form of food preparation; pounded onions, garlic, ginger, turmeric, pepper and spices with meat or fish with the cooking method is used. Mohinga is one of the popular dishes.
|Currency||myanmar kyat (MMK)|
|Highest Point||Hkakabo Razi (5,881 m)|
|Total Area||676,578 km2|