Netherlands / Maps, Geography, Facts

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The Netherlands is a north-western European country. The Netherlands, which is an offshore country, has territories in the Caribbean, while the northern sea, Belgium and Germany are the neighboring countries of the mainland. Most of the Dutch mainland land is under 38% of sea level, and there are many bridges and canals in the country, and the country is a canal country at the same time. The Netherlands is an important agricultural country.

Where is the Netherlands?


The Netherlands is on the northwestern edge of a large plain covering northern and western regions of Europe (extending from the north of France to the Soviet Union). Geographically there are three regions. The areas covered by the windy sand dunes are the alluvial plains.

In the Netherlands, there are many rivers and canals that divide the land into pieces. The three most important rivers are Rhine, Maas, and Scheldt.


In the Netherlands, the President is the King. In 1848 the king’s powers were restricted and the system of constitutional monarchy was passed.

The executive is divided into the Government and the Council of Ministers. The government consists of the King, the Prime Minister, the Ministers, and the State Secretaries. Unlike the general parliamentary system, the King is a member of the Government but has no responsibility for the political Parliament and is not on the Council of Ministers. The Council of Ministers, the Prime Minister, the Ministers and the Secretaries of the State.


Marine climate prevails. The winters are warm and the summers are quite hot. The average annual temperature is 17 in summer and -2 in winter.


25% of Catholics live in the Netherlands, where the majority of the population is Christian. The Muslim population also lives in the country where 10% Protestant lives. However, nearly 50 percent of the people living in the country do not recognize themselves as members of any religion.

Industry and Tourism

The Netherlands has an advanced economy. It has played a very important role in the European economy for centuries. It has the world’s 17th largest economy in terms of GDP at current prices and ranks 14th in the national income per capita.

The Netherlands is one of the richest markets in the European Union and the world, with about 800 billion dollars in foreign trade and 50,000 dollars in per capita income. In addition, its strategic position in Europe and its highly developed infrastructure make it the hub of Europe’s distribution and logistics, as well as the fact that approximately 46% of exports are re-exports and that transit trade is also at scale, opening up to other European countries and even the rest of the world it is a door.

It is a country full of surprises that welcomes 10 million tourists throughout the year. There are more than 6000 magnificent buildings and more than 50 museums.


In the 17th century, the Netherlands had a great economic strength with the success it achieved in trade. In this period called the “Golden Age”, the country has the highest literacy rate and art production in Europe: 70 thousand paintings are produced annually and the tables have become an instrument of exchange for themselves. Unlike other western countries where art is still largely under the influence of the aristocracy and produced for the aristocracy, art in the Netherlands is now produced for the new middle-class trader; the patronage system is replaced by the commercial “art market”, and the artisans take their place.


The most popular sports throughout the country are Soccer and grass hockey. Bicycles are among the most popular sports.

Population: 17,111,764

Population Density: 508 per Km2

Land Area: 33,720 Km ²