NATO, in its full name, is an international military alliance of the “North Atlantic Treaty Organization”. It was founded on April 4, 1949, based on the North Atlantic Treaty signed by 12 countries. Also more than 17 countries have participated in different periods. Moreover, NATO member states have a common defense mechanism against an attack from any external force. Furthermore, the center of the association is located in Brussels, the capital of Belgium.
While 21 countries are part of NATO’s “Partnership for Peace” initiative, 15 countries are involved in institutionalized dialogue programs. Furthermore, the total military spending of NATO members is more than 70% of the defense spending in the world. However, there is a detail as follows; members’ defense spending should be up to 2% of the Gross Domestic Product.
On the map you can see NATO countries all over the world. USA and Canada are located in North America, while all other members are located in the european continent.
Nato Members in Europe
You will see countries with and without NATO membership in the European map. Albania, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Turkey and the United Kingdom is a member of NATO. Moreover, Austria, Belarus, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Finland, Ireland, Kosovo, Macedonia, Moldova, Montenegro, Serbia, Sweden, Switzerland and Ukraine are not NATO members.
Let’s look at countries that are not NATO members.
NATO Non-Members in Europe
Austria: A country with a Permanent Nongovernmental Policy.
Belarus: At the same time, this country, called Small Russia, is not a NATO member due to its proximity to Russia. The foundations of NATO are based on Russian antagonism.
Bosnia and Herzegovina: Serbian Member of the Bosnian Herzegovina Council; Bosnia and Herzegovina’s accession to NATO, the three founding elements of the country, Bosniak, Serbs, and Croats that there was no compromise, said for a long time. Furthermore, under these circumstances, it can not be assumed that an individual is a member of the NATO union.
Finland: Finland is not a member of the NATO union because of its proximity to Russia and the fact that Sweden is not a NATO member. In addition, they are still discussing NATO membership within themselves and are divided into two.
Ireland: Ireland is not a member of NATO, but Ireland has been a partner of NATO since the 1990s.
Kosovo: In 2017, Kosovo Prime Minister Haradinaj said, “We aim to finalize NATO membership by 2020.” said.
Click here for international recognition of Kosovo.
Macedonia: Macedonia is having trouble with Greece because of its name. They’ve been thinking about changing their names lately. Moreover, they will be able to enter NATO in this way.
Moldova: Moldova President Igor Dodon said it was absolutely unacceptable for his country to be a NATO member. This is why they do not want to deteriorate their relations with Russia.
Serbia: Serbia’s Foreign Minister Ivica Dacic has said Serbia is not planning to join the sanctions imposed by the EU on Russia and become a NATO member.
Sweden: It is a country advancing with neutrality principle. Although it is not a NATO member, it is NATO’s partner.
Switzerland: A country with a Permanent Neutrality Policy.
Ukraine: In June 2017, Ukraine continues its steps towards integration into the West. Furthermore, the Ukrainian Parliament has adopted a law that allows the country to become a member of NATO.
More about NATO
There have been periodic disagreements among NATO members, and as a result, there has been a problem of trust. Namely; The Cold War process led to conflicts with the members of the Warsaw Pact, which was established in 1955. Furthermore, the doubts over the strength of the relations between European countries and the United States have increased from time to time, with doubts about the credibility of NATO’s defense against a possible Soviet occupation, which led to the withdrawal of France from NATO’s military wing in 1966.
In addition after the fall of the Berlin Wall in 1989, the organization was involved in the disintegration of Yugoslavia and its first military interventions in 1992-1995 in Bosnia and Herzegovina and then in 1999 in Yugoslavia. Furthermore politically, they tried to establish good relations with the former Warsaw Pact countries. Furthermore, some of these countries joined the alliance in 1999 and 2004.
Top 10 NATO Army Forces
1. United States
Active Soldier Number: 1.400.000
Number of Reserve Soldiers: 1.100.000
Active Soldier Number: 410.000
Number of Reserve Soldiers: 185.630
Active Soldier Number: 320.000
Number of Reserve Soldiers: 42.000
Active Soldier Number: 205.000
Number of Reserve Soldiers: 195.770
Active Soldier Number:180.000
Number of Reserve Soldiers:280.000
Active Soldier Number: 180.000
Number of Reserve Soldiers: 145.000
7- United Kingdom
Active Soldier Number: 150.000
Number of Reserve Soldiers: 182.000
Active Soldier Number: 125.000
Number of Reserve Soldiers: 16.200
Active Soldier Number: 120.000
Number of Reserve Soldiers: 515.000
Active Soldier Number: 95.000
Number of Reserve Soldiers: 51.000
What do other countries think?
The most important purpose of NATO is to prevent possible Russian threats and sanction Russia. Furthermore, NATO is a union established by the USA and is seen as “America’s back garden” by most countries.
Shanghai Fifth: In 1996, a union was established in Shanghai, with the participation of “Russia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, China and Tajikistan”, foreseeing a deep cooperation in the field of regional security called “Shanghai Five”. Also in 2001, Uzbekistan joined this formation and changed its name to “Shanghai Cooperation Organization”. Furthermore, the formation, from predominantly in the 2000s, has shown a stern attitude to the military presence in the territories of the United States and has opposed the “unipolar world order”.
Arab League: The Arab League is an international organization in which 22 Arab countries are members. Furthermore, the first alliance between Arab countries occurred between Iraq and Saudi Arabia in 1936. Also, the Alexandrian Protocol signed in 1944 laid the foundations of the Arab League.