Colors and the Meaning of the Pakistan Flag
The Pakistan flag consists of a white crescent moon and a five-pointed star on a dark green background, and a white vertical strip on the left side of the flag that covers a quarter of the flag.
Green is a traditional Islamic color and crescent and star are Islamic symbols. The white strip represents non-Muslim, minority religious groups in Pakistan. In the modern sense, green color represents welfare, white color peace, white crescent progression, and white star light and knowledge.
History of the Pakistan Flag
The story of the Pakistani flag begins with the period when he left India. On 11 August 1947, the founder of the state, Muhammad Ali Jinnah, requested a flag design for the newly established state. The designed Pakistani flag is largely similar to the flag of the Islamic Union, a white moon star in the middle of the green ground.
During this period, leaders representing the various political organizations of Muslims in South Asia organize a meeting. At the end of the negotiations, the Organization of the Islamic Union is established as the representative of Muslims in India. When the Pakistani state was founded on August 14, 1947, the flag of the Islamic Union became the national flag of this new Islamic state. Only a vertical strip is added to the left side representing the state and minorities.
National Anthem of Pakistan
Pakistan has no national anthem since the independence date. In this process, Pakistanis settle for ‘Pakistan Azadi’, which means Free Pakistan, as the national anthem. After a while, Muhammad Ali Jinnah thinks that Pakistan should have a national anthem and he asks the poet Jagannath Azad, a Hindu, to write Pakistan’s national anthem. His intention to choose a non-Muslim poet is to emphasize the national unity of the people of Pakistan, who have various ethnic identities and religions.
A few days later, Pakistan’s new national anthem starts playing in every home on Pakistani radios. However, Jagannath Azad’s anthem is not liked by many in Pakistan, and 18 months later the government organizes a contest to write a new national anthem. In this contest, the author of his first selected poem will be rewarded with 5000 rupees. In addition, the best composition for the selected starter will be awarded 5000 rupees to the musician is announced. Finally, in August 1954, the winner of the competition became clear and the national anthem of Pakistan was formalized. The author of the anthem is Abu Al-Asar Hafeez Jalandhari and his composer is Ahmed Ghulamali Chagla from Pakistani musician.
Neighboring Countries of Pakistan
Main Characteristics of Pakistan
In its official name, the Islamic Republic of Pakistan is the sixth largest country in the world in terms of population. The capital is Islamabad, one of the most modern cities of the country. There are two official languages, Urdu and English. The Pakistani rupee is used as currency.
There is a warm and dry climate. It varies according to regions. The country has a climate that can range from a polar climate to an extremely hot climate. The temperature that is 46 degrees in June can be reduced to 4 degrees in January-February.
The country cuisine is quite rich. It is similar to Indian cuisine. Meat, vegetables, legumes, bread, and rice have an important place. The dishes are flavored with various spices.
|Currency||pakistani rupee (PKR)|
|Highest Point||K2 (8,611 m)|
|Total Area||796,095 km2|