Colors and the Meaning of the Poland Flag
The Polish flag consists of two horizontal strips. The upper strip is white and the lower strip is red. While the white color in the flag represents the freedom, purity, and indulgence of the Polish people, the red color represents the blood of martyrs in the war of independence.
History of the Poland Flag
The Polish flag was adopted on 9 February 1990. White and red were the national colors of Poland, since the country’s first declaration of independence in 1831. But Russia retained control over Poland until Poland again declared its independence.
The white colored striped flag on red was first adopted on August 1, 1919. Poland was occupied by Russia and Germany and lost its independence from 1939 until the end of World War II. The Polish flag remained unchanged despite the establishment of the Polish Republic in 1947, and then the Republic of Poland in 1989.
Since 2004, May 2 is a day celebrated as the Flag Day in Poland, but not a public holiday.
Neighboring Countries of Poland
Poland is a country in Central Europe. It is neighbor to Germany in the West, the Czech Republic in the southwest, Slovakia in the south, Russian Federation and Lithuania in the northeast, Belarus in the east and Ukraine in the southeast. Poland is also neighbor to the Baltic Sea in the north.
Main Characteristics of Poland
Poland is the ninth largest country in Europe and the ninth largest country in the world with a surface area of 312,679 kilometers. The cities in the east of the country are different from the cities in the west, the cities in the north are different from the cities in the south in terms of atmosphere, architecture, and urbanism. The reason for these differences is the mixed history of the country and the influence of both eastern and western cultures.
Nearly 35% of the Polish territory, which consists of forests, has been completely dedicated to agriculture. In Poland, where only 15% of the land is divided into cities, there are thousands of large and small lakes and 23 national parks. Poland is a country with twice as many coal reserves as the world average. There are hundreds of European bison in the 150,000-hectare Bialowieza forest in Poland, which hosts the largest ruminant population in Europe.