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Poland / Maps, Geography, Facts

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Poland is a country with historical, colorful buildings, nature and architecture. Warsaw is the largest city in the country. The city was rebuilt after a war of great destruction. The official language is Polish. The currency is the Polish Zloty. Poland, a country that has seen hundreds of battles throughout history, has come up from all these challenges and has preserved the values it has. The stability and the economy of the country are hardly affected by a number of global crises. This is why it has investors from other countries, especially in Europe.

To the east is Russia, the Czech Republic in the south, Germany in the west and the Baltic Sea in the north.

Where is Poland
Where is Poland?


Most of the Polish territory forms part of the Northern European Plain covering almost all of northern Europe. Outside the southern region, the country is covered with low and flat areas. There are large sandy beaches, sand dunes, marshes and shallow lakes formed by overflowing the sea. In the inner regions, in the northern part of the plain, there is a large belt formed by moraines and covered with forests; Vistula River flowing in south-north direction divides the plain into two.


The socialist regime based on the one-party system in Poland left its place in the multiparty system in 1988. According to the 1952 Constitution, which is still in force today, legislative power belongs to the single-parliament, which is called the parliament. 460 members of this assembly are elected by the people every five years. The 17-member State Council elected among the members of the Assembly has legislative and some executive powers. The main executive body is the Council of Ministers, which is directly responsible to the parliament.



It is rainy in summer when it is hot in Poland. It rains a few days a week. In the winter months, the snowfall that started in November does not leave the country until March. You can even see snow in April even in the least. But under normal conditions after March the country is home to a warm wind together with reduced snowfall. The months in Poland where the most beautiful temperatures are felt and the sun is seen are June and July.


It is said to be the most religious country in Europe. 90% of Poles are Catholic.

Industry and Tourism

The Polish industry, which has been encouraged by large capital investments since the end of World War II, is among the leading countries in the world in terms of pace of development. Shipbuilding, industrial machinery, machine tools, railway equipment, automotive, iron and steel, cement, chemicals, paper, plastic, weaving, consumer durables (refrigerator, washing machine, TV and radio), sugar and food industries are major ones. In parallel with the development of the industry, annual electric energy production is also high.

Poland stands out as an example of success among "transition process economies". Since 1990, it has been following a stable economic liberalization policy.

It is a wonderful country with medieval towns, impressive architecture, national parks, rivers, and protected natural areas. The capital of the country, Warsaw, is not only the business center of the country but also attracts attention with the historical artifacts it contains. The Old Town is the most important part of the capital. The Royal Castle and the Warsaw History Museum are among the places to visit. Krakow, considered as Poland's most important tourism destination, is a city where the churches decorate the city with all its splendor.

With its charming medieval atmosphere, it is one of the 12 most important historical sites of UNESCO. The Market Square in the Old Town is the daily magical atmosphere of the Middle Ages. Wawel Cathedral and Wawel Royal Castle are the most important works of the city. Located in northeastern Poland, Masuria is famous for its lakes and forests. It contains 15% of the lakes in the country. It is possible to go fishing, surfing and sailing sports in these areas which are suitable for boat trips. Besides, the Baltic Coast in the north of the country is a great place for sea and beach tourism. 10 Reasons to Visit Poland.


There are well-known writers such as Adam Mickiewicz, Jan Kochanowski, Witold Gombrowicz, Stanisław Lem, Bruno Schulz, Stanisław Ignacy Witkiewicz, Jan Polkowski, Adam Zagajewski, Julian Kornhauser, Ewa Lipska and Rafal Wojaczek. In addition, Henryk Sienkiewicz, Władysław Reymont, Czesław Miłosz, and Wisława Szymborska are Nobel Prize-winning literary figures. The most famous artist in Poland was composer and pianist Fredric Chopin who lived in the nineteenth century.


The most popular sports throughout the country are volleyball and football. In addition, motorbikes, ski jump, athletics, basketball, boxing, fencing, rugby association, grass hockey, handball, ice hockey, swimming, and weightlifting are among the popular sports.

Population: 38,061,373

Population Density: 124 per Km2

Land Area: 306,230 Km ²