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Poland is composed of sixteen top management units called **Voivodeship**. Since the 14th century, these governance units, voivodeships of Poland (**provinces of Poland**), have become their current state with the reform of local governments, which came into force on 1 January 1999. With this arrangement, 49 old voivodeships were established on July 1, 1975, and sixteen new voivodeships were founded.

## Sixteen Voivodeships of Poland

Poland is made up of sixteen governing units called **Voivodeships**. These voivodeships are Masovia, Lower Silesia, Greater Poland, Silesia, Pomerania, Łódź, Lesser Poland, West Pomerania, Lubusz, Kujawy-Pomerania, Opole, Świętokrzyskie, Warmia-Masuria, Podlaskie, Subcarpathian, and Lublin.

### Masovia

**Mazovian Voivodeship** is located in the middle-east of the country. It is neighbor with Warmia-Masuria in the north, Podlaskie in the northeast, Lublin in the southeast, Lubwi güneydoğutokrzyskie in the south, Masód Warm in the southwest and Kujawy-Pomerania in the northwest.

The population of the Voivodeship, whose surface area is 35,579 km², is 5,384,617 as of 2017 and is the largest voivodeship in Poland. The center of the voivodeship is also **Warsaw**, the capital of the country. Mazovian Voivodeship is divided into 43 counties, five of which are urban and 37 are rural. The districts are divided into 314 municipalities.

### Lower Silesia

**Lower Silesia Voivodeship** in the south-west of Poland is one of the 16 voivodeships in which Poland is divided. The Lower Silesia has a surface area of 19,946 square kilometers. The population of the Voivodeship is 2,908,457 as of 2014, and the population density of the region is 150 / sq. km. The voivodeship includes 91 cities and towns. Lower Silesia Voivodeship is one of the **most visited voivodeships in Poland**.

### Greater Poland

**Greater Poland** is a voivodeship in central and western Poland. Greater Poland has an area of 29,826 square kilometers. As of 2017, the population of the region is 3,489,210 and the population density is 120 / sq. km. The voivodeship consists of 109 cities and towns. The capital city of the region is **Poznan**.

### Silesia

Silesia is the voivodeship in the southern part of Poland. The area of Silesia is 12,333 square kilometers. As of 2014, the population of the region is 4,593,358 and the population density is 370 / square kilometers. The voivodeship consists of 71 cities and towns. The capital of the region is Katowice. Silesia Voivodeship is the most densely populated voivodeship in Poland and is also the largest urbanized area in Central and Eastern Europe.

### Pomerania

**Pomerania** is a voivodeship in the north of Poland. The surface area of Pomerania is 18,293 square kilometers. The population of the region is 2,324,251 as of 2017 and the population density is 130 / square km. The capital of the region is **Gdańsk**. The voivodeship consists of 42 cities and towns. **Gdańsk**, **Gdynia** and **Sopot** are one of the main cultural, commercial and educational centers of Poland.

### Łódź

**Łódź Voivodeship** is a voivodeship in the center of Poland. The surface area of Łódź is 18,219 square kilometers. The population of the region is 2,470,610 by 2018 and the population density is 135 / square km. The capital of the region is Łódź. The voivodeship consists of 44 cities and towns. **The Museum of Art** in the region has one of **Europe’s largest collections of modern art**.

### Lesser Poland

**Lesser Poland Voivodeship** is a voivodeship in the southeast of Poland. Lesser Poland has a surface area of 15,108 square kilometers. The population of the region is 3,406,000 by 2014 and the population density is 230 / sq. km. The capital of the region is Kraków. The voivodeship consists of 61 cities and towns. **John Paul II International Airport** the second largest international airport in Poland is in the region.

### West Pomerania

**West Pomerania Voivodeship** is a voivodeship in the northwest of Poland. The area of West Pomerania is 22,896 square kilometers. The population of the region as of 2014 is 1,715,431 and the population density is 75 / square km. The capital of the region is **Szczecin**. The voivodeship consists of 64 cities and towns. Western Pomeranian Voivodeship is the fifth largest voivodeship in Poland in terms of the region. Among the largest cities in the region are **Szczecin**, **Koszalin**, and **Stargard**.

### Lubusz

**Lubusz Voivodeship** is a voivodeship in western Poland. The surface area of Lubusz is 13,987 square kilometers. The population of the region is 1,016,652 as of 2017 and the population density is 73 / square km. **Gorzów Wielkopolski** and **Zielona Góra** share the capital of the region. The voivodeship consists of 42 cities and towns. The area is basically flat with many lakes and woodlands. Around the south in the vicinity of Zielona Góra world famous grapes are grown.

### Kujawy-Pomerania

**Kujawy-Pomerania** is a voivodeship in central and northern Poland. Kujawy-Pomerania has a surface area of 17,969 square kilometers. The population of the region is 2,098,370 as of 2011 and the population density is 120 / sq. km. Bydgoszcz and Toruń share the capital city in the region. The voivodeship consists of 52 cities and towns. The administrative center of the Voivodeship is **Bydgoszcz**, and **Toruń** has a voivodeship council.

### Opole

**Opole** is a voivodeship in the south of Poland. The surface area of Opole is 9,412 square kilometers. The population of the region is 1,000,858 by 2014 and the population density is 110 / sq. km. The capital of the region is the city of Opole. The voivodeship consists of 35 cities and towns. A large part of the territory of the Voivodeship is located in **the historic Upper Silesia region**. It is neighbor with Lower Silesia in the west, Greater Poland and esiaódź to the north, Silesia to the east and the Czech Republic to the south.

### Świętokrzyskie

**Świętokrzyskie** is a voivodeship in central and southeastern Poland. The surface area of Świętokrzyskie is 11,672 square kilometers. The population of the region as of 2014 is 1,263,176 and the population density is 110 / sq. km. The capital of the region is **Kielce**. The voivodeship consists of 32 cities and towns.

### Warmia-Masuria

**Warmia-Masuria** is located in the north of Poland. The area of Warmia-Masuria is 24,191 square kilometers. The population of the region as of 2014 is 1,443,967 and the population density is 60 / sq. km. **Olsztyn** is the capital of the region. The voivodeship consists of 49 cities and towns.

### Podlaskie

**Podlaskie** is a voivodeship in the northeast of Poland. The surface area of Podlaskie is 20,180 square kilometers. As of 2014, the population of the region is 1,193,348 and the population density is 59 / square km. The capital of the region is **Białystok**. The voivodeship consists of 40 cities and towns.

### Subcarpathian

**Subcarpathian** is located in the southeast of Poland, on the border between Slovakia and Ukraine. The Subcarpathian has a surface area of 17,844 square kilometers. The population of the region as of 2014 is 2,129,187 and the population density is 120 / sq. km. The capital of the region is **Rzeszów**. The voivodeship consists of 50 cities and towns.

### Lublin

**Lublin** is a voivodeship in eastern Poland. The surface area of Lublin is 25,155 square kilometers. The population of the region is 2,147,746 as of 2014 and the population density is 85 / sq. km. The capital of the region is the city of Lublin. The voivodeship consists of 42 cities and towns.

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